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The Legend of Geronimo

 

During the late 1800’s, as the United States extended its borders into Mexico, Native American tribes were struggling to survive. One of the most prominent leaders of that era was Geronimo, a Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache, who fought the United States and Mexican governments to protect tribal lands.

geronimo with headdressGERONIMO - MIGHTY LEADER AND WARRIOR OF THE APACHE INDIANS

Geronimo was the fourth of eight children. He was born in No-Doyohn Canyon, Mexico (modern day New Mexico) in 1829. His grandfather had been chief. When he was very young, Geronimo’s father passed away after an extended illness. From that point forward, Geronimo assumed responsibility for supporting his mother and siblings. At age 17, when Geronimo had reached maturity, he was invited to be on the council of the warriors. This was considered to be a great honor and heightened his desire to become a highly-skilled warrior.

Geronimo on a horseGERONIMO THE GREAT DURING HIS FINAL YEARS

After proving himself capable, Geronimo was granted permission to marry Alope. Together they had three children and were happy together for a time. Later, when Geronimo was 29, he traveled with his tribe to a Mexican town for trade. At a stop along the way, a few women and children came to them and informed them that their camp had been attacked by Mexican troops and that many of their men, women, and children had been killed. The tribe returned to camp to find their entire families brutally massacred.

While suffering from the devastating loss, Geronimo followed the tradition of setting fire to his family’s home before heading into the wilderness to mourn. It was there that he reportedly heard a voice that told him that he would be protected from gunfire and that his war efforts would be divinely guided. This moment inspired Geronimo to begin the first battle of what would become more than a decade of attacks on the Mexican soldiers in revenge for the deaths of his tribe and family.

geronimo framed photo signature 1A SIGNED PROGRAM FROM THE 1904 WORLD FAIR - FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION - THIS RARE HISTORICAL PIECE IS AVAILABLE NOW FOR $17,500

After the United States took possession of parts of Mexico in the Mexican-American War of 1848, Geronimo’s enemy extended to American soldiers. To avoid mass bloodshed, Geronimo’s father-in-law, who was the leader of the Chiricahua tribe, agreed to establish the first Apache reservation. A few years later, the US government reneged on the deal and forced Apaches to relocate. This reignited Geronimo’s anger and he resumed acting out his aggression on the military.

After evading capture for many years, Geronimo was captured in 1877 and sent to live on the San Carlos Apache Reservation. He managed to escape in 1881 and, with a small band of tribal followers, Geronimo spent the next five years fighting the United States. Today, Geronimo is considered to be the last great defender of Native American life.

geronimo signature 1GERONIMO'S SIGNATURE - THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

For several years, Geronimo was hunted by up to 5,000 Army troops at a time, but he remained at large. It was not until 1886 that Geronimo wit his amily and a band of loyal folowers starving that he surrendered. He and his followers were prisoners of war for the remainder of their lives, held in Florida, then Alabama and finally in Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where Geronimo passed away in 1909.

During the final years of his life, Geronimo published an autobiography and had the privilege of meeting President Theodore Roosevelt in person. His military accomplishments and ability to elude capture made Geronimo a legend, one that is still talked about anytime the western expansion is discussed. Geronimo was indeed one of the important figures that helped shaped American history.

raleigh degeer amyxRALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR

There are many historically significant artifacts that Mr. Amyx has had the pleasure of including in his collection. For more than 35 years, Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has dedicated his life to the preservation of American History through physical reminders of events and persons who shaped the land we now call home. His collection of White House China is one of the most extensive in the world, being clealry in the top two. Mr. Amyx welcomes discussions with serious collectors concerning museum-quality historical artifacts.

 

ATTN: COLLECTORS OR RETIRED LENOX, CASTLETON,TIFFANY,WEDGWOOD & WHITE HOUSE EMPLOYEES.SELL YOUR WHITE HOUSE CHINA.

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

Accomplishments of President James Knox Polk (1795-1849)

 

After securing the presidency with the closest election in US history, the 49-year-old James K. Polk set clear goals for his term including his promise to only serve one term (1845–1849). Those goals were to reestablish the independent treasury system, reduce tariffs, and significantly expand the borders of the United States. Unlike many presidents before and since, James K. Polk succeeded in his objectives.

james polk

PRESIDENT JAMES K. POLK

Walker Tariff

After gaining Congressional approval for the nomination of Robert J. Walker as the Secretary of the Treasury, James K. Polk commissioned a nationwide study of tariff levels. The results of the study were used to support the passage of the Walker Tariff of 1846, which significantly reduced the former Tariff of 1842. The most significant change was that the tariff rates were independent of the value of the imported merchandise, and some duty-free categories.

Treasury System

After his success in improving the Tariff status, James K. Polk moved on to the issue of establishing an independent treasury that would require government funds to be received and held by treasury deposit offices, not banks. President Martin Van Buren had signed the Independent Treasury Act into law in 1840 but it had been repealed by Congress the following year. James K. Polk enhanced the former legislation by requiring that disbursements were backed by gold or silver. In 1846, James K. Polk established the treasury system and it remained in place until 1913.

POLK SOUP PLATE POST RESTORATION 2014

JAMES K. POLK'S PRESIDENTIAL CHINA - SOUP BOWL
THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION 

Border Expansion

Because slavery was a highly-debated issue, James K. Polk was careful to pursue acquisition of lands that both forbid and embraced the practice of slavery. Adding more than a million square miles, James K. Polk was responsible for adding Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, most of New Mexico, and parts of Colorado, Montana, Texas, and Wyoming to the United States.  After threatening war with Britain, Polk secured the land that now forms Idaho, Oregon, and Washington in addition to the Columbia River.

The Mexican War began with a dispute concerning Texas’ southern border. Congress supported James K. Polk with a declaration of war. An actual fact, President Polk's Mexican War policy was a highly controversial topic in America. After sixteen months, in September 1847, US forces captured Mexico City. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo established that the Texas border would be at the Rio Grande, and the US would acquire California and New Mexico for a sum of 15 million USD.  In all, more than 13,000 American soldiers died it he Mexican War. Strangely, only 2,000 were lost in battle; the remainder were lost to disease. Mexico lost nearly 50,000 soldiers.

polk expansion

MAJOR BORDER EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES

Department of the Interior

After securing numerous lands, James K. Polk signed the bill creating the Department of the Interior on March 3, 1849, his last full day in office. This cabinet position was one of the first additions. Polk himself did not fully support the idea of the federal government having power over the states’ lands but he had run out of time to negotiate any alternatives.

Retirement

As promised, James K. Polk did not seek re-election and left the presidency after having accomplished the objectives he had set. Only three months after leaving office, 53-year-old James K. Polk died on June 15, 1849 at his home in Nashville, TN. Although Polk had had numerous health problems throughout his life, his death was attributed to Cholera that he likely contracted during a tour of the South after leaving the White House. Polk was survived by his wife Sarah Childress Polk, and his mother. The Polks had no children. Today, James and Sarah Polk are buried in a tomb on the grounds of the Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville.

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx

raleigh degeer amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has been an avid historian and collector for much of his life. His extensive collection has long been admired throughout the world. The knowledge he has acquired has been called upon by the highest industry and government officials. Serious collectors who would like to discuss museum quality historically significant items are invited to contact Mr. Amyx for a confidential discussion.

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

Mamie Eisenhower: Fashionista, Socialite, & First Lady Pink

 

Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower was only 19 when she met and married a young lieutenant, Dwight D. Eisenhower. Like many of her peers, her life was consumed with providing a loving home for her husband, entertaining guests and raising children as they moved from one post to another during his career in the U.S. Army.

dwight mamie eisenhower photo 2

DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER & MAMIE DOUD EISENHOWER

The couple had two boys, Doud and John. Sadly, the youthful Doud passed away in 1921 when he was only four due to a case of Scarlet Fever. In 1922, John was born. He survived to adulthood in good health and joined the U.S. Army, later becoming the American ambassador to Belgium and returning as a Brigadier General in the United States Army.

Mamie Eisenhower is very well known for outgoing personality in the role of First Lady. Her father had been a wealthy meatpacking executive and had afforded her many opportunities for traveling and entertaining. Mamie Eisenhower enjoyed decorating the home and White House for holidays. The First Lady’s color choices and fashion sense were also of great interest to the public. The gown she wore to her husband's Inauguration is one of the most popular in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History's collection of inaugural gowns.

mamie dress

MAMIE'S DOUD EISENHOWER'S FAMOUS INAUGURAL DRESS IN "FIRST LADY PINK"

With her favorite color of pink showing up frequently in her public wardrobe and in the décor of the private quarters of the White House, Mrs. Eisenhower helped to make it a popular color for textiles of the early 1950's, making "First Lady Pink" a favorite paint color in the pallet.

During his term in the White House, President Dwight D. Eisenhower suffered a heart attack. Mamie stayed with him around the clock while he recuperated. She ensured that he got enough rest, proper exercise and took charge of the administrative flow of his work. She also took care of the President’s mail, responding to citizens and world leaders alike. This was also the case when he had abdominal surgery, a stroke, and in his final days when he was hospitalized for a heart condition.

dwight eisenhower china service plate 1

MAMIE AND DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER CHOSE THIS DRAMATIC SERVICE PLATE IN 1955 - THIS PLATE IS NOW IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

One of the important roles held by First Lady Mamie Eisenhower demonstrated her natural leadership qualities as she promoted the voice of women in voting and in public office. When her old friend, Ellen Harris, ran for a Republican seat in Congress, she campaigned for her. Among her many accomplishments was the fundraising and establishment of Knollwood, a 16 acre secure retirement home for widows of Army personnel.

Mamie Eisenhower took the time to respond to every letter she received. She felt that everyone deserved a personal response and saw to it that this goal was met. At times, she used her influence to support military housing, enlistment deferments, transfers, pensions, and civil service employment with Administration officials. The First Lady frequently made statements of public support to military or defense-related crises and issues of her era such as support for the United Nations and finding a cure for Polio.

pat nixon introduces martha mitchell flamboyant wife of attorney general to mamie eisenhower

PAT NIXON INTRODUCES THE SOON-TO-BE HIGHLY CONTROVERSIAL MARTHA MITCHELL, WIFE OF NIXON'S ATTORNEY GENERAL, TO MAMIE EISENHOWER

After retirement, the Eisenhowers enjoyed their beautiful home and farm in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. After President Eisenhower passed away in 1979, Mamie remained at the farm until she passed away after a stroke in 1969 at age 83.

raleigh degeer amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is proud to own many museum quality historically significant artifacts. Among these American treasures are major historical military effects that belonged to Dwight D. Eisenhower, an autographed photo of the First Lady with President Eisenhower, as well as the official White House China of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, one of numerous sets of White House china in the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection.

More than 400 of the historical artifacts acquired by Raleigh DeGeer Amyx will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAuction.com. If interested, visit the official auction page at the link below: 

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th & 18th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

Sharp-Shooter Annie Oakley - Star of the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show

 

It was 1883 when William “Buffalo Bill” Cody first took his Wild West show to the masses. These stage productions portrayed fictitious account of the exchanges between cowboys and Indians during the United States's western expansion. While the initial premise of the show was popular, it lacked any headliner talent until Buffalo Bill Cody was able to recruit Sitting Bull, the Sioux chief blamed for the uprising that overwhelmed George Armstrong Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn. This major superstar helped propel the Wild West Show far above competing acts.

buffalo bill show
AN OFFICIAL PROGRAM FROM A TURN OF THE CENTURY WILD WEST SHOW FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

After that, the show became incredibly popular and traveled throughout Europe. This had a dramatic effect on the world’s perception of the United States and the expansion of the American frontier. It was praised for its realistic storyline and was later accepted as family entertainment when a new superstar, Annie Oakley, known as Little Sure Shot, joined the cast. Oakley had exceptional aim and had already achieved fame for her fancy shooting tricks.

Annie Oakley, born Phoebe Ann Moses, had developed her sharp-shooting skills to survive. She was the sixth of seven children and her father, who was more than 30 years older than her mother, died when Oakley was only 6. Annie Oakley and her sister were sent to live in an infirmary and then Oakley was sent to live with a foster family who treated her harshly. When she was 12, Annie Oakley’s mother remarried and she was reunited with her family. Instead of attending school, Annie practiced hunting and trapping and sold the game to residents and businesses in southern Ohio to help support the family. Her efforts paid off the mortgage of the family farm before Annie Oakley was 15.

buffalo bill wild west show program 1"LAST OF THE GREAT SCOUTS" - A SIGNED PROGRAM FROM BUFFALO BILL'S WILD WEST SHOW - NOTE (TOP RIGHT) THE SCARCE INSCRIPTION "TRUE TO FRIEND OR FOE - BUFFALO BILL - W.F. CODY"

It was Thanksgiving Day in 1875 when 15 year old Phoebe Moses was baited into a challenge. A performing marksman, Frank Butler placed a bet with an Ohio hotel owner wagering that his shooting skills would outperform any of the local shooters. Much to his surprise, Butler lost the bet to the youthful Phoebe Moses. The two began courting and were married the following autumn. Moses adopted the stage name Annie Oakley during the years of their sharp-shooter performances together. They were both hired to work on the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show in 1885.

While performing in Europe, Oakley performed for Queen Victoria in the UK, President Marie François Sadi Carnot in France, King Umberto I in Italy, and Kaiser Wilhelm II in Germany. Her most famous trick was using a .22 caliber rifle to shoot a single playing card several times while it floated in the air at a distance of 90 feet.

annie oakleyANNIE OAKLEY - WORLD-FAMOUS RIFLE SHOT AND STAR OF THE WILD WEST SHOW

Oakley used her position as an influential celebrity to promote the idea of women serving in the US armed forces to President McKinley at the time of the Spanish-American War. However, the cavalry established by Theodore Roosevelt named “Rough Riders” was attributed to the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show. It is estimated that Oakley taught more than 15,000 women how to use a gun during her lifetime. She pushed for women to be comfortable using a gun for physical and mental exercise as well as for self-defense.

In 1901, Annie Oakley was involved in a train accident and was temporarily paralyzed. Although she improved greatly after five surgeries, the tragic accident put an end to her career with the Buffalo Bill Show. Instead Annie began performing a stage play that portrayed her outsmarting outlaws. Her popularity has never ceased. Annie Oakley was laid to rest in 1926 at age 66. Her husband Frank Butler died a few weeks later.

raleigh degeer amyxHISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR — RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has been acquiring museum-quality historical artifacts for more than 30 years. He is proud to own personal effects of many historical figures and American icons such as Annie Oakley. Now you have the rare opportunity to gain access to many of these important artifacts. Hundreds of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. If you have interest in a particular item in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the button below.

 

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

President Lyndon Johnson and the Monumental Voting Rights Act of 1965

 

On August 6, 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed The Voting Rights Act into law changing election laws throughout the United States. Before this moment, many African Americans who wished to vote in nine states, most in the South, had to first prove their eligibility through literacy tests and character evaluations. The law allowed for the appointment of Federal voting examiners who would supervise voter registration and polling practices to ensure that the law was enforced. Within 5 months, 250,000 African Americans registered to vote for the very first time.

lyndon johnson martin luther king photo 1LYNDON B. JOHNSON WITH MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.

Section 2 of the Act closely resembled the content of the 15th amendment which prohibited the denial or abridgment of the right to vote throughout the United States with the use of literacy tests. In addition, it called for new enforcement provisions in areas of the country that were seen to have the greatest potential for racial discrimination. Section 5, stated jurisdictions must have any election regulations preapproved by the federal government to ensure that they were not discriminatory in their intent or application.

Each time the Voting Rights Act was set to expire, the American leadership honored its vital role in the progress that had been achieved. In 1970 The Act was extended by President Richard Nixon, in 1975 it was extended by President Gerald Ford and revised to include a provision for bilingual voting instructions and materials. In 1982, President Ronald Reagan extended the Act for 25 years and then Congress extended it for 15 years in 1992. Finally, in 2006, it was reauthorized for an additional 25 years.

lyndon johnson on phone photo 1PRESIDENT JOHNSON PLAYED A CRUICIAL ROLE IN ENSURING MINORITY VOTING RIGHTS

In June 2013, a controversial case, Shelby v. Holder, was presented to the US Supreme Court. The 5-to-4 decision determined that the coverage formula the Voting Rights Act used to determine the states that were subject to preclearance was unconstitutional, thereby nullifying the section that required that named states must have federal approval to change election laws. The vote has been passionately contested by many. The majority cited that the conditions under which the Voting Rights Act had originally been established had changed significantly.

Among the evidence presented was the election of President Barak Obama as well as numerous African American mayors who were in office in the affected states. Critics say that this will open the door to the once common practice of gerrymandering of election districts that can have a devastating effect on the minority vote. Others uphold that any regulation should apply to all of the states, not only the named states that were at issue in 1965.

lyndon b johnson christmasTHE LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON FAMILY ENJOYING CHRISTMAS IN THE WHITE HOUSE

There are few topics that are as hotly debated as voter’s rights. While many statistics support the position that the racial discrimination that existed in the 1960’s is part of our past, civil rights watchdog groups and political organizations tell a different story. If the positive change that was created by the Voting Rights Act is to be sustained, the entire issue needs to be examined and addressed according to current conditions.

lyndon johnson white house china 1WHITE HOUSE CHINA PATTERN PICKED BY LADY BIRD JOHNSON - THE ABOVE JOHNSON SERVICE PLATE IS IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is proud to own many historical artifacts that are part of our nation’s rich history. Within the collection are numerous sets of White House china, including pieces from the official White House China of President Lyndon B. Johnson. As the Voting Rights Act was being signed into law, Lady Bird Johnson made her own mark in history with a uniquely designed theme connecting the American Eagle and American wildflowers. The Johnson White House China was designed by Tiffanys and manufactured by Castleton.

raleigh degeer amyxHISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Many of the museum-quality historical artifacts (over 400), acquired by Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAuction.com. Interested parties can see the official auction page at the link below:

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

A Man of Few Words - President Calvin Coolidge

 

Our 30th President, John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. was born on the 4th of July in 1872. Coolidge had a very successful career in law and politics, especially during his Presidency. Throughout his life he was criticized for his quiet manner. However, in retrospect, it could be said that his reserved demeanor actually fueled his success.

calvin coolidge photo 1

CALVIN COOLIDGE SHOWING OFF HIS NEW AUTOMOBILE

Calvin Coolidge experienced hardship early in his life. His mother died when he was only twelve. His father and grandmother made every effort to support him, but even Coolidge himself acknowledged that he never fully recovered from this loss. For his entire life he carried with him a locket containing his mother’s portrait. Then, five years after his mother passed away, Coolidge lost his fifteen-year-old younger sister Abigail. It is certain that these tragic circumstances impacted the young man’s perspective on life. Later, in 1924 he would suffer another loss when an infection, caused from a blister playing tennis at the White House, would sadly take the life of his teenage son, Calvin Coolidge, Jr.

Another powerful force in the character of Calvin Coolidge occurred during his college years. Upon his graduation with honors from Amherst College in 1891, Coolidge held great admiration for his professors. Years later he would mention the impact their teachings had on his own character. He had become grounded on his faith in the common man – that hard work and giving had great value. He believed in dedicating one’s self to public service for the benefit of the greater good, a sharp contrast to the common goal of self-promotion.

coolidge family

THE COMPLETE COOLIDGE FAMILY: JOHN, GRACE, CALVIN, AND CALVIN COOLIDGE JR.

In pursuit of his goal to practice law, Coolidge secured an apprenticeship with a prominent Massachusetts law firm as an alternative to bearing the cost of law school. In 1897, Coolidge was admitted to the bar and in 1898 he opened his own law office in Northampton, Mass. Once he began to achieve personal success, he still felt as if he was missing a companion to share it with. In 1905, Coolidge met Grace Goodhue, a teacher at a local school for the deaf. They married that same year in her parents’ home in Vermont. Together they had two sons, John and Calvin Jr.

Coolidge began his career of public service while practicing law. He was first elected as Northampton City Councilman in 1899, then General Court Representative, Mayor of Northampton, State Senator, Lieutenant Governor, and then Governor of Massachusetts. In 1921 he was elected Vice President of the United States where he served until the sudden death of President Harding in August of 1923. After completing Harding’s term, Coolidge was elected President in 1924. He declined the opportunity to run for reelection stating that if reelected, he would exceed 10 years as President, which he felt was too long. Coolidge retired to his home in Northampton. There the former President  wrote his memoirs and political commentary.  Sadly Calvin Coolidge died from a heart attack at age of only 60 in 1933.

calvin coolidge powder box 1

BEAUTIFUL CELLULOID POWDER BOX STRAIGHT FROM THE WHITE HOUSE GUEST ROOM - A GIFT FROM THE PRESIDENT TO LILLIAN ROGERS PARK - A FAVORED MAID

The enduring legacy of Calvin Coolidge was his steadfast character. During all of his campaigns, he did not criticize, or even speak the names his opponents. He remained focused on the issues at hand and talked about his views concerning government and business. Each election brought him broader support and greater margins of victory. He earned the trust and support of both business owners and the working class. His name has never been associated with any scandal or wrongdoing. Calvin Coolidge is best known for listening to the people and doing what they wanted.

raleigh degeer amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent the past 30 years acquiring museum-quality historical artifacts. He is proud to own personal effects of many past presidents including Calvin Coolidge. You now have the rare opportunity to view many of these important pieces. Many (400) of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. If you have interest in a particular item in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the form below.

 

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

The Enduring Legacy of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy

 

There are many powerful women in American history who have made game-changing contributions that made way for the cultural values and everyday luxuries that we now take for granted. One of the most prominent names among them is Jacqueline Kennedy. As a worldly young woman, she was the perfect complement to the up and coming leader, John F. Kennedy.

kennedy family

THE KENNEDY FAMILY: JOHN, JACQUELINE, AND BABY CAROLINE DURING A FAMILY VISIT TO HYANNIS PORT

Her prominence began when she was quite young. Born July 28, 1929 as Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, young Jacqueline worked hard to make the most of life. After completing two years at Vassar College, she spent her junior year in France at the University of Grenoble in Grenoble and at the Sorbonne in Paris before graduating from George Washington University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French Literature in 1951. After graduating, she spent the summer on a trip through Europe with her sister Lee, who had just graduated from high school. Together they published an illustrated book describing their travels. Jacqueline often mentioned this summer abroad as her favorite pastime.

Upon her return from Europe, the young Jacqueline began writing for the Washington Times Herald, using a provocative interview style. Not long thereafter, Jacqueline met John F. Kennedy. At that time U.S. Representative John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy was running for the U.S. Senate. The handsome couple was married in a large, elegant ceremony on September, 12, 1953, in Providence, Rhode Island.

jackie kennedy and baby

FIRST LADY JACQUELINE BOUVIER KENNEDY LOVINGLY HOLDING HER SON, JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR.

Jacqueline suffered many losses in her lifetime, particularly with pregnancies. She suffered a miscarriage in 1955 and then delivered a stillborn daughter in 1956 before giving birth to daughter Caroline in 1957, and then son John F. Kennedy Jr. in 1960.  In 1963, son Patrick was born 5.5 weeks premature and tragically died two days later.

Then Senator Kennedy announced his candidacy for President of the United States in January, 1960. Although Jacqueline was an invaluable asset, the difficulties she had faced with pregnancy made it necessary for her to support the campaign from home because she was in the early stages of pregnancy. Jacqueline enthusiastically answered letters, taped TV commercials, gave interviews, and wrote a weekly newspaper column.

jackie painting

THE FIRST LADY WAS A SKILLED ARTIST AND SHARED HER LOVE OF PAINTING WITH LITTLE CAROLINE.

The successes achieved in the Kennedy White House began with the defeat of incumbent Richard Nixon just weeks before the birth of John F. Kennedy, Jr. The young couple began transforming the image of the Presidency, influencing American culture like no one else. While JFK was in office, First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy accomplished the following feats:

  • Transforming White House social events from dry formal meetings to amazing social events featuring cocktails. World class musicians, scientists, authors, and artists enjoyed the company of important dignitaries, foreign, and domestic.

  • Leading the restoration of the White House with the intention of establishing the building as a national monument of historical significance with assistance from leading contributors and decorators.

  • Soliciting donations to finance the restoration of the White House. A guide book documenting the restoration results sold more than 3 million copies, which were applied to additional restoration projects.

  • Initiating the establishment of the White House Historical Association, the Committee for the Preservation of the White House, a permanent Curator of the White House, the White House Endowment Trust, and the White House Acquisition Trust.

  • Hosting a televised tour of the White House documenting the improvements made. The tour was broadcast by the three major networks and earned an Emmy Award in 1962 and earned Jacqueline Kennedy an Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Trustees Award.

  • Utilizing her foreign language skills to initiate and solidify relationships with foreign leadership.

jackie kenned watercolor original painting 1

THIS OIL PAINTING BY FIRST LADY JACQUELINE KENNEDY WAS DISPLAYED ON AN EASEL IN THE OVAL OFFICE AFTER  SHE SIGNED IT "J TO J" AND PRESENTED IT TO HER HUSBAND, THE PRESIDENT. IT IS A SIGNIFICANT COMPONENT OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION.

On November 22, 1963, the dream came to an abrupt end with the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas, TX. Despite her devastation, Jacqueline led the organization of JFK’s funeral and burial. Jacqueline Kennedy’s calm demeanor and courage facing the days and months that would follow JFK’s death compounded the admiration of the public in the US and abroad.

kennedy assassination

THE PRESIDENT AND FIRST LADY IN THE PRESIDENTIAL LIMOUSINE ON THE FATEFUL NOVEMBER DAY IN DALLAS

Jacqueline Kennedy continued to use her influence for positive change until Robert F. Kennedy’s assassination in 1968. In an effort to protect her children, she moved abroad and married Aristotle Onassis. This marriage quickly turned out to be one of difficulty. After Aristotle Onassis died in 1975, Jacqueline returned to the United States and worked for many years as a book editor.

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis passed away from lymphatic cancer on May 19, 1994, two and a half months before her 65th birthday. Her son, John F. Kennedy Jr, remarked at her funeral that she had a love for words, a love for the bonds of home and family, and a spirit of adventure. The First Lady is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia with President Kennedy, their son Patrick, and their stillborn daughter Arabella.


raleigh degeer amyx
RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is proud to own a painting actually painted by First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, as well as other important personal relics. Many of the museum-quality historical artifacts (over 400), acquired by Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAuction. Interested parties can see the official auction page at the link below:

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

Mystery Surrounding the Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy

 

Senator Robert “Bobby” Kennedy was well aware of the dangers he faced in public life, especially considering his older brother, John F. Kennedy’s assassination. In addition to the inherent risk of public life, Robert Kennedy had previously served as Attorney General. He was a staunch supporter of civil rights and helped place several high-level criminals, such as Jimmy Hoffa, behind bars.

robert kennedy glasses 2

SENATOR ROBERT "BOBBY" KENNEDY IN A MOMENT OF  QUIET REFLECTION

The mood of the public in America was one of uncertainty and skepticism. Despair over the assassination of JFK in 1963 and the very recent assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was compounded by public outcry over the Vietnam War. There was no longer any way to take life for granted. The image of perfect white picket fences had been completely obliterated.

By midnight on June 4, 1968, New York Senator Robert Kennedy was exhausted, running on pure adrenalin. It was hard to believe that just a week earlier Kennedy had lost the Oregon Democratic Primary to Eugene McCarthy. The 174 delegates had declared California a “Kennedy state.” It seemed that the Democratic nomination was well within his reach. After giving a short speech celebrating his victory in California, Robert Kennedy left 2,000 campaign workers in the Embassy Ballroom of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles and was led out through the kitchen.

robert kennedy glasses 1

THE PRESCRIPTION EYEGLASSES FROM SENATOR ROBERT F. KENNEDY. NEARLY IDENTICAL TO HIS BROTHER'S - PRESIDENT JFK. BOTH ARE IN THE AMYX COLLECTION.

With all of the kitchen staff, media, and Kennedy’s entourage, there were more than 70 people packed in that hotel kitchen. The 24-year old Palestinian named Sirhan Sirhan man approached Kennedy without warning. He pulled out a .22 caliber pistol, firing again and again until all eight cylinders had been emptied. Robert Kennedy was hit three times; the bullet that caused his death hit behind his right ear. The other two bullets entered his right armpit, one below the other. The remaining bullets injured five innocent bystanders.

Chaos ensued. The hotel maitre'd tackled the shooter, forcing him down on the steam table beside them. There was no Secret Service or officers from the Los Angeles Police Department present. The few hired security measures that had been taken had failed miserably. Robert F. Kennedy was lying on the floor in pain. A young busboy pressed a set of rosary beads into his open palm and offered him a few words of encouragement. Bobby Kennedy responded by asking if everyone was alright. His overwrought, pregnant wife Ethel Kennedy knelt down next to him weeping until the ambulance arrived.

JFK and father stand together

ROBERT F. KENNEDY'S BROTHER, PRESIDENT JOHN F KENNEDY AND FATHER JANUARY 20TH, 1961

When Kennedy arrived at the hospital, the doctors determined that the bullet that entered his skull was fired just inches from his head – not from a distance where Sirhan Sirhan was standing. This was the first of many disturbing discoveries of the investigation. Kennedy was rushed to Good Samaritan Hospital where surgeons spent three hours trying to save him. Unfortunately, their efforts were in vain. Robert Kennedy was pronounced dead at 1:44 am on June 5 at the age of only 42.

john f kennedy framed glasses 1

PRESIDENT JFK'S EYEGLASSES FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION - ROBERT F KENNEDY WAS ASSASSINATED JUST 5 YEARS AFTER HIS BROTHER

Sirhan Sirhan had dispelled eight bullets in the hotel kitchen that night. His diary said that he intended to kill RFK because of his support of Israel. Sirhan was tried and convicted for the murder of Robert Kennedy. His death sentence was commuted when the death penalty was abolished in California in 1972.

Although the incident seemed direct, many people involved remain convinced that there may have been another shooter. Several witnesses recall hearing thirteen bullets being fired. Others saw Sirhan talking to an unidentified girl just before the shooting started. Adding to the oddity, hotel doorways that were photographed with bullet abrasions were immediately destroyed and replaced.  For reasons we cannot explain, all evidence that supported the theory of another gunman was completely destroyed, recanted or declared irrelevant.

raleigh degeer amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR – RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World-renown collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent nearly 35 years buying, selling, and trading museum-quality historical memorabilia including items that belonged to Robert F. Kennedy and John F. Kennedy. Many of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. Contact them to register for the auction and to obtain a catalog. You can find the official auction web page at http://www.rrauction.com/Raleigh-DeGeer-Amyx-Collection-September-2014.htm.

If you have interest in any particular items in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the form below or contact the auction house directly using the above link.

 

SELECT AMERICANA COLLECTIBLES MAY BE AVAILABLE

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

President Warren G. Harding -- First to be broadcast on the radio

 

warren g harding

THE HANDSOME SPORTING MAN - WARREN G. HARDING

The 29th American President, Warren G. Harding (1865–1923), was a Republican from Ohio. Advancing through the ranks of Ohio Senate and then the US Senate, he gained favor in the post-World War era by proposing a "return to normalcy” during his presidential campaign.

The 1920 results of the unprecedented landslide presidential election - a Pittsburgh radio station announced the victory of Warren G. Harding. Harding who won by a margin of 60% of the popular vote. This was the first time that the results of a presidential election were broadcast live.

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WARREN G. HARDING AND "LADDIE BOY" -  ON THE WHITE HOUSE LAWN

Presidency

The presidency of Warren G. Harding lacked the type of impact we have come to expect. His role is viewed by most historians as the transition between the idealism of Woodrow Wilson and the prosperity achieved by Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover. It has been said that Harding’s impressive presence and amiable nature helped him capture the presidency despite the fact that his campaign promises of a “return to normalcy” lacked clarity and any real conviction.

warren harding photo 3

WARREN G. HARDING ATTENDING A BASEBALL GAME TO THROW THE FIRST PITCH

Although the memory of Harding’s presidency was tarnished by the major corrupt actions of his friends, Harding was involved in some important advances in communication. For example, in 1922, Harding was the first president to have a radio installed in the White House.

warren g harding phonograph

A PHONOGRAPH WAS USED BY PRESIDENT WARREN G. HARDING TO RECORD HIS SPEECHES

Harding had a keen interest in technology. In fact, on June 14, 1922, the speech that Harding delivered in Washington, DC at the dedication of the Francis Scott Key Memorial was broadcast over the radio. This was the very first time the voice of an American President was broadcast to the public via the radio. This broadcast, which recognized Ffrancis Scott Key as the composer of the "Star Spangled Banner”, was heard by 125,000 Americans. The following year, President Harding began recording a number of his speeches on an early model phonograph that used wax discs for recording and play.

warren g harding radio address

WARREN G. HARDING - A POOR GOLFER - BUT THE PRESIDENT LOVED TO TRY

 

Presidential Communication Milestones

The introduction of radio broadcast was a major development that forever changed the way American presidents communicated with the world. Here are a few milestones to put this development in perspective.

George Washington disseminated information on primitive newspapers that were delivered on horseback in the late 1700’s. Abraham Lincoln had the luxury of transmitting information via the telegraph, or upon delivery by train in the mid 1800’s. Rutherford B. Hayes was in office when the telephone was introduced in 1877. William Taft used the phonograph to distribute recordings of his speeches in the early 1900’s. Calvin Coolidge was the first president to deliver a radio address in 1925. Franklin Roosevelt maximized the potential of radio throughout the 1930’s and 1940’s with his Fireside Chats. John F. Kennedy had a calm demeanor and striking good looks which attributed to his success in the televised debates leading up to the 1960 presidential election. Bill Clinton established the first White House website in 1994.

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection

raleigh degeer amyx auction

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World-renown collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent well overthe last quarter century enjoying his passion for historical memorabilia. He is often called upon by government agencies, world-class appraisers, and auction houses to evaluate important artifacts.

Mr. Amyx has developed a lasting relationship with former White House servants and their families. As a result, he has had the opportunity to acquire many personal items that belonged to American presidents and first ladies. Among these museum-quality artifacts are a number of personal items that belonged to President Warren G. Harding. These rare artifacts can be viewed at AMERICANHERITAGE1.COM.

warren harding black leather toilet kit 1WARREN G. HARDING’S MASCULINE BLACK LEATHER GOLD EMBOSSED TOILETRIES KIT - THIS RARE ITEM FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION WILL BE OFFERED AT THE AUCTION LISTED BELOW ON SEPTEMBER 17TH, 2014

Also, many of the museum-quality, historical artifacts from the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. Contact them to register for the auction and to obtain a catalog. You can find the official auction web page at http://www.rrauction.com/Raleigh-DeGeer-Amyx-Collection-September-2014.htm.

If you have interest in any particular items in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the form below or contact the auction house directly using the link above.

 

SELECT PRESIDENTIAL ITEMS TO BE OFFERED

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

A Brief History of The Kentucky Derby -Greatest two minutes in sports

 

Kentucky Derby founder Col. M. Lewis Clark was inspired by the horse racing that he enjoyed while traveling in England and France. Upon his return to the US in 1874, Clark began working toward his goal of stabling a horse racing tradition, to enhance the existing horse breeding industry in Kentucky. The initial construction of Churchill Downs was financed through the sale of track memberships and the land was leased from two of Clark’s uncles, John and Henry Churchill - thus the iconic name Churchill Downs.

AFIRST2ONE OF THE EARLIEST KENTUCKY DERBY WINNERS - RACE FOR THE ROSES

More than 10,000 guests were in attendance at the opening event at the very first Kentucky Derby, held May 17, 1875 at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. The winner of the first Kentucky Derby was a three-year-old chestnut colt, Aristides.

churchill downs main entrance photo 1THE FAMED WINNERS CIRCLE OF CHURCHILL DOWNS - SINCE 1875

Horse racing did not become popular right away. The significant investment was not generating sufficient revenue. It was not until 1903 that the Kentucky Derby finally showed a profit under the leadership of a team headed by the renowned Matt Winn.

In the early 1900’s there were movements in nearby states to abolish horse racing. Kentucky was able to weather the storm unharmed, although the movement in 1945 again threatened its existence. The Derby maximized their exposure with news of the first filly to win the Derby in 1915. As the Derby continued to grow in popularity, gifts, such as a gold buffet service, a magnificent cup, candlesticks and a handsome trophy began to be presented to the winner each year beginning in 1922-1924. The race was even broadcast over the radio, beginning in 1925.

kentucky derby race horse photo 1THE TWIN-SPIRES - AS SEEN JUST ABOVE A THOROUGHBRED IN STRIDE

Although the 1930’s began with the introduction of the starting box in the Kentucky Derby, the Great Depression caused the Kentucky Derby annual tradition to be interrupted for several years. As things started to get better, in 1938, a tunnel that led from the grandstand to the infield was constructed and opened to the public for an admission price of 50 cents.

It was 1949 when the 75th Kentucky Derby was televised locally. After Matt Winn passed away, Bill Corum took over and made numerous improvements such as: CBS affiliate broadcasts the Derby on TV nationwide, barns were upgraded to concrete firewall construction, additional seating was added, the race was filmed to allow for replays, an automatic sprinkler system was installed in the grandstand and clubhouse.

kentucky derby race horse photo 2THE LEGENDARY SECRETARIAT WITH JOCKEY RON TURCOTTE ASTRIDE

More improvements were made during the 1960’s. In 1973, Secretariat’s electrifying record breaking 1:59 2/5 time at the Kentucky Derby and his subsequently dramatic Triple Crown win, the first in 25 years, brought the general public's focus to horse racing. In 1974, a record breaking 163,628 people flocked to the Churchill Downs to see the 100th Kentucky Derby.

Throughout the 1980’s and 1990’s, more than $25 million was invested into improvements and an aggressive marketing campaign ensued. The Derby also benefitted from the introduction of simultaneous wagering systems and the launch of www.kentuckyderby.com.

kentucky derby race horses photo 1THE KENTUCKY DERBY - "THE GREATEST TWO MINUTES IN ALL OF SPORTS"

From the year 2000 until today, the Kentucky Derby has continued to evolve. Improvements to the grounds, including security enhancements and increased television coverage, brought record numbers of attendees to the Derby. Many of the earliest traditions of the Kentucky Derby have remained throughout the years, such as the special occasion stunning ladies hats and the official drink of the Kentucky Derby, the Mint Julep. It is an iced drink consisting of bourbon, mint, and sweet syrup which is served in a sought after commemorative Kentucky Derby glass.

kentucky derby mint julep glasses 1

 RACE FOR ROSES - LOUISVILLE - THE KENTUCKY DERBY

World Renowned Collector of Historical Memorabilia, Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, grew up in Louisville, Kentucky and has had a love for the Kentucky Derby all of his life. Among the most prized items in The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is an extensive collection of Official Kentucky Derby Mint Julep Glasses. Although more than 500,000 are produced each year in modern times, only 25,000 or less had been produced each year for the Kentucky Derby in its earliest years.

Raleigh DeGeer AmyxCOLLECTOR AND RESPECTED AUTHORITY ON HISTORICAL MEMORABILIA - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Mr. Amyx has had the good fortune to acquire several museum-quality relics, over a 30 year period, of international importance. Most of the items from this Collection will be sold by RRAUCTION.COM on September 17th & 18th, 2014, live in Boston, Massachusetts.

Serious collectors who would like to discuss these or other museum quality historically significant items are invited to contact Mr. Amyx for a confidential discussion, or better yet simply contact rrauction.com and register for this important event.

SELECT HISTORICAL PIECESMAY BE AVAILABLE

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

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