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Sharp-Shooter Annie Oakley - Star of the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show

 

It was 1883 when William “Buffalo Bill” Cody first took his Wild West show to the masses. These stage productions portrayed fictitious account of the exchanges between cowboys and Indians during the United States's western expansion. While the initial premise of the show was popular, it lacked any headliner talent until Buffalo Bill Cody was able to recruit Sitting Bull, the Sioux chief blamed for the uprising that overwhelmed George Armstrong Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn. This major superstar helped propel the Wild West Show far above competing acts.

buffalo bill show
AN OFFICIAL PROGRAM FROM A TURN OF THE CENTURY WILD WEST SHOW FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

After that, the show became incredibly popular and traveled throughout Europe. This had a dramatic effect on the world’s perception of the United States and the expansion of the American frontier. It was praised for its realistic storyline and was later accepted as family entertainment when a new superstar, Annie Oakley, known as Little Sure Shot, joined the cast. Oakley had exceptional aim and had already achieved fame for her fancy shooting tricks.

Annie Oakley, born Phoebe Ann Moses, had developed her sharp-shooting skills to survive. She was the sixth of seven children and her father, who was more than 30 years older than her mother, died when Oakley was only 6. Annie Oakley and her sister were sent to live in an infirmary and then Oakley was sent to live with a foster family who treated her harshly. When she was 12, Annie Oakley’s mother remarried and she was reunited with her family. Instead of attending school, Annie practiced hunting and trapping and sold the game to residents and businesses in southern Ohio to help support the family. Her efforts paid off the mortgage of the family farm before Annie Oakley was 15.

buffalo bill wild west show program 1"LAST OF THE GREAT SCOUTS" - A SIGNED PROGRAM FROM BUFFALO BILL'S WILD WEST SHOW - NOTE (TOP RIGHT) THE SCARCE INSCRIPTION "TRUE TO FRIEND OR FOE - BUFFALO BILL - W.F. CODY"

It was Thanksgiving Day in 1875 when 15 year old Phoebe Moses was baited into a challenge. A performing marksman, Frank Butler placed a bet with an Ohio hotel owner wagering that his shooting skills would outperform any of the local shooters. Much to his surprise, Butler lost the bet to the youthful Phoebe Moses. The two began courting and were married the following autumn. Moses adopted the stage name Annie Oakley during the years of their sharp-shooter performances together. They were both hired to work on the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show in 1885.

While performing in Europe, Oakley performed for Queen Victoria in the UK, President Marie François Sadi Carnot in France, King Umberto I in Italy, and Kaiser Wilhelm II in Germany. Her most famous trick was using a .22 caliber rifle to shoot a single playing card several times while it floated in the air at a distance of 90 feet.

annie oakleyANNIE OAKLEY - WORLD-FAMOUS RIFLE SHOT AND STAR OF THE WILD WEST SHOW

Oakley used her position as an influential celebrity to promote the idea of women serving in the US armed forces to President McKinley at the time of the Spanish-American War. However, the cavalry established by Theodore Roosevelt named “Rough Riders” was attributed to the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show. It is estimated that Oakley taught more than 15,000 women how to use a gun during her lifetime. She pushed for women to be comfortable using a gun for physical and mental exercise as well as for self-defense.

In 1901, Annie Oakley was involved in a train accident and was temporarily paralyzed. Although she improved greatly after five surgeries, the tragic accident put an end to her career with the Buffalo Bill Show. Instead Annie began performing a stage play that portrayed her outsmarting outlaws. Her popularity has never ceased. Annie Oakley was laid to rest in 1926 at age 66. Her husband Frank Butler died a few weeks later.

raleigh degeer amyxHISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR — RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has been acquiring museum-quality historical artifacts for more than 30 years. He is proud to own personal effects of many historical figures and American icons such as Annie Oakley. Now you have the rare opportunity to gain access to many of these important artifacts. Hundreds of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. If you have interest in a particular item in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the button below.

 

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

President Lyndon Johnson and the Monumental Voting Rights Act of 1965

 

On August 6, 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed The Voting Rights Act into law changing election laws throughout the United States. Before this moment, many African Americans who wished to vote in nine states, most in the South, had to first prove their eligibility through literacy tests and character evaluations. The law allowed for the appointment of Federal voting examiners who would supervise voter registration and polling practices to ensure that the law was enforced. Within 5 months, 250,000 African Americans registered to vote for the very first time.

lyndon johnson martin luther king photo 1LYNDON B. JOHNSON WITH MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.

Section 2 of the Act closely resembled the content of the 15th amendment which prohibited the denial or abridgment of the right to vote throughout the United States with the use of literacy tests. In addition, it called for new enforcement provisions in areas of the country that were seen to have the greatest potential for racial discrimination. Section 5, stated jurisdictions must have any election regulations preapproved by the federal government to ensure that they were not discriminatory in their intent or application.

Each time the Voting Rights Act was set to expire, the American leadership honored its vital role in the progress that had been achieved. In 1970 The Act was extended by President Richard Nixon, in 1975 it was extended by President Gerald Ford and revised to include a provision for bilingual voting instructions and materials. In 1982, President Ronald Reagan extended the Act for 25 years and then Congress extended it for 15 years in 1992. Finally, in 2006, it was reauthorized for an additional 25 years.

lyndon johnson on phone photo 1PRESIDENT JOHNSON PLAYED A CRUICIAL ROLE IN ENSURING MINORITY VOTING RIGHTS

In June 2013, a controversial case, Shelby v. Holder, was presented to the US Supreme Court. The 5-to-4 decision determined that the coverage formula the Voting Rights Act used to determine the states that were subject to preclearance was unconstitutional, thereby nullifying the section that required that named states must have federal approval to change election laws. The vote has been passionately contested by many. The majority cited that the conditions under which the Voting Rights Act had originally been established had changed significantly.

Among the evidence presented was the election of President Barak Obama as well as numerous African American mayors who were in office in the affected states. Critics say that this will open the door to the once common practice of gerrymandering of election districts that can have a devastating effect on the minority vote. Others uphold that any regulation should apply to all of the states, not only the named states that were at issue in 1965.

lyndon b johnson christmasTHE LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON FAMILY ENJOYING CHRISTMAS IN THE WHITE HOUSE

There are few topics that are as hotly debated as voter’s rights. While many statistics support the position that the racial discrimination that existed in the 1960’s is part of our past, civil rights watchdog groups and political organizations tell a different story. If the positive change that was created by the Voting Rights Act is to be sustained, the entire issue needs to be examined and addressed according to current conditions.

lyndon johnson white house china 1WHITE HOUSE CHINA PATTERN PICKED BY LADY BIRD JOHNSON - THE ABOVE JOHNSON SERVICE PLATE IS IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is proud to own many historical artifacts that are part of our nation’s rich history. Within the collection are numerous sets of White House china, including pieces from the official White House China of President Lyndon B. Johnson. As the Voting Rights Act was being signed into law, Lady Bird Johnson made her own mark in history with a uniquely designed theme connecting the American Eagle and American wildflowers. The Johnson White House China was designed by Tiffanys and manufactured by Castleton.

raleigh degeer amyxHISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Many of the museum-quality historical artifacts (over 400), acquired by Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAuction.com. Interested parties can see the official auction page at the link below:

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

A Man of Few Words - President Calvin Coolidge

 

Our 30th President, John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. was born on the 4th of July in 1872. Coolidge had a very successful career in law and politics, especially during his Presidency. Throughout his life he was criticized for his quiet manner. However, in retrospect, it could be said that his reserved demeanor actually fueled his success.

calvin coolidge photo 1

CALVIN COOLIDGE SHOWING OFF HIS NEW AUTOMOBILE

Calvin Coolidge experienced hardship early in his life. His mother died when he was only twelve. His father and grandmother made every effort to support him, but even Coolidge himself acknowledged that he never fully recovered from this loss. For his entire life he carried with him a locket containing his mother’s portrait. Then, five years after his mother passed away, Coolidge lost his fifteen-year-old younger sister Abigail. It is certain that these tragic circumstances impacted the young man’s perspective on life. Later, in 1924 he would suffer another loss when an infection, caused from a blister playing tennis at the White House, would sadly take the life of his teenage son, Calvin Coolidge, Jr.

Another powerful force in the character of Calvin Coolidge occurred during his college years. Upon his graduation with honors from Amherst College in 1891, Coolidge held great admiration for his professors. Years later he would mention the impact their teachings had on his own character. He had become grounded on his faith in the common man – that hard work and giving had great value. He believed in dedicating one’s self to public service for the benefit of the greater good, a sharp contrast to the common goal of self-promotion.

coolidge family

THE COMPLETE COOLIDGE FAMILY: JOHN, GRACE, CALVIN, AND CALVIN COOLIDGE JR.

In pursuit of his goal to practice law, Coolidge secured an apprenticeship with a prominent Massachusetts law firm as an alternative to bearing the cost of law school. In 1897, Coolidge was admitted to the bar and in 1898 he opened his own law office in Northampton, Mass. Once he began to achieve personal success, he still felt as if he was missing a companion to share it with. In 1905, Coolidge met Grace Goodhue, a teacher at a local school for the deaf. They married that same year in her parents’ home in Vermont. Together they had two sons, John and Calvin Jr.

Coolidge began his career of public service while practicing law. He was first elected as Northampton City Councilman in 1899, then General Court Representative, Mayor of Northampton, State Senator, Lieutenant Governor, and then Governor of Massachusetts. In 1921 he was elected Vice President of the United States where he served until the sudden death of President Harding in August of 1923. After completing Harding’s term, Coolidge was elected President in 1924. He declined the opportunity to run for reelection stating that if reelected, he would exceed 10 years as President, which he felt was too long. Coolidge retired to his home in Northampton. There the former President  wrote his memoirs and political commentary.  Sadly Calvin Coolidge died from a heart attack at age of only 60 in 1933.

calvin coolidge powder box 1

BEAUTIFUL CELLULOID POWDER BOX STRAIGHT FROM THE WHITE HOUSE GUEST ROOM - A GIFT FROM THE PRESIDENT TO LILLIAN ROGERS PARK - A FAVORED MAID

The enduring legacy of Calvin Coolidge was his steadfast character. During all of his campaigns, he did not criticize, or even speak the names his opponents. He remained focused on the issues at hand and talked about his views concerning government and business. Each election brought him broader support and greater margins of victory. He earned the trust and support of both business owners and the working class. His name has never been associated with any scandal or wrongdoing. Calvin Coolidge is best known for listening to the people and doing what they wanted.

raleigh degeer amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent the past 30 years acquiring museum-quality historical artifacts. He is proud to own personal effects of many past presidents including Calvin Coolidge. You now have the rare opportunity to view many of these important pieces. Many (400) of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. If you have interest in a particular item in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the form below.

 

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

The Enduring Legacy of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy

 

There are many powerful women in American history who have made game-changing contributions that made way for the cultural values and everyday luxuries that we now take for granted. One of the most prominent names among them is Jacqueline Kennedy. As a worldly young woman, she was the perfect complement to the up and coming leader, John F. Kennedy.

kennedy family

THE KENNEDY FAMILY: JOHN, JACQUELINE, AND BABY CAROLINE DURING A FAMILY VISIT TO HYANNIS PORT

Her prominence began when she was quite young. Born July 28, 1929 as Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, young Jacqueline worked hard to make the most of life. After completing two years at Vassar College, she spent her junior year in France at the University of Grenoble in Grenoble and at the Sorbonne in Paris before graduating from George Washington University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French Literature in 1951. After graduating, she spent the summer on a trip through Europe with her sister Lee, who had just graduated from high school. Together they published an illustrated book describing their travels. Jacqueline often mentioned this summer abroad as her favorite pastime.

Upon her return from Europe, the young Jacqueline began writing for the Washington Times Herald, using a provocative interview style. Not long thereafter, Jacqueline met John F. Kennedy. At that time U.S. Representative John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy was running for the U.S. Senate. The handsome couple was married in a large, elegant ceremony on September, 12, 1953, in Providence, Rhode Island.

jackie kennedy and baby

FIRST LADY JACQUELINE BOUVIER KENNEDY LOVINGLY HOLDING HER SON, JOHN F. KENNEDY, JR.

Jacqueline suffered many losses in her lifetime, particularly with pregnancies. She suffered a miscarriage in 1955 and then delivered a stillborn daughter in 1956 before giving birth to daughter Caroline in 1957, and then son John F. Kennedy Jr. in 1960.  In 1963, son Patrick was born 5.5 weeks premature and tragically died two days later.

Then Senator Kennedy announced his candidacy for President of the United States in January, 1960. Although Jacqueline was an invaluable asset, the difficulties she had faced with pregnancy made it necessary for her to support the campaign from home because she was in the early stages of pregnancy. Jacqueline enthusiastically answered letters, taped TV commercials, gave interviews, and wrote a weekly newspaper column.

jackie painting

THE FIRST LADY WAS A SKILLED ARTIST AND SHARED HER LOVE OF PAINTING WITH LITTLE CAROLINE.

The successes achieved in the Kennedy White House began with the defeat of incumbent Richard Nixon just weeks before the birth of John F. Kennedy, Jr. The young couple began transforming the image of the Presidency, influencing American culture like no one else. While JFK was in office, First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy accomplished the following feats:

  • Transforming White House social events from dry formal meetings to amazing social events featuring cocktails. World class musicians, scientists, authors, and artists enjoyed the company of important dignitaries, foreign, and domestic.

  • Leading the restoration of the White House with the intention of establishing the building as a national monument of historical significance with assistance from leading contributors and decorators.

  • Soliciting donations to finance the restoration of the White House. A guide book documenting the restoration results sold more than 3 million copies, which were applied to additional restoration projects.

  • Initiating the establishment of the White House Historical Association, the Committee for the Preservation of the White House, a permanent Curator of the White House, the White House Endowment Trust, and the White House Acquisition Trust.

  • Hosting a televised tour of the White House documenting the improvements made. The tour was broadcast by the three major networks and earned an Emmy Award in 1962 and earned Jacqueline Kennedy an Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Trustees Award.

  • Utilizing her foreign language skills to initiate and solidify relationships with foreign leadership.

jackie kenned watercolor original painting 1

THIS OIL PAINTING BY FIRST LADY JACQUELINE KENNEDY WAS DISPLAYED ON AN EASEL IN THE OVAL OFFICE AFTER  SHE SIGNED IT "J TO J" AND PRESENTED IT TO HER HUSBAND, THE PRESIDENT. IT IS A SIGNIFICANT COMPONENT OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION.

On November 22, 1963, the dream came to an abrupt end with the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas, TX. Despite her devastation, Jacqueline led the organization of JFK’s funeral and burial. Jacqueline Kennedy’s calm demeanor and courage facing the days and months that would follow JFK’s death compounded the admiration of the public in the US and abroad.

kennedy assassination

THE PRESIDENT AND FIRST LADY IN THE PRESIDENTIAL LIMOUSINE ON THE FATEFUL NOVEMBER DAY IN DALLAS

Jacqueline Kennedy continued to use her influence for positive change until Robert F. Kennedy’s assassination in 1968. In an effort to protect her children, she moved abroad and married Aristotle Onassis. This marriage quickly turned out to be one of difficulty. After Aristotle Onassis died in 1975, Jacqueline returned to the United States and worked for many years as a book editor.

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis passed away from lymphatic cancer on May 19, 1994, two and a half months before her 65th birthday. Her son, John F. Kennedy Jr, remarked at her funeral that she had a love for words, a love for the bonds of home and family, and a spirit of adventure. The First Lady is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia with President Kennedy, their son Patrick, and their stillborn daughter Arabella.


raleigh degeer amyx
RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is proud to own a painting actually painted by First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, as well as other important personal relics. Many of the museum-quality historical artifacts (over 400), acquired by Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAuction. Interested parties can see the official auction page at the link below:

Click here for the officialSeptember 17th, 2014 auction page

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

Mystery Surrounding the Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy

 

Senator Robert “Bobby” Kennedy was well aware of the dangers he faced in public life, especially considering his older brother, John F. Kennedy’s assassination. In addition to the inherent risk of public life, Robert Kennedy had previously served as Attorney General. He was a staunch supporter of civil rights and helped place several high-level criminals, such as Jimmy Hoffa, behind bars.

robert kennedy glasses 2

SENATOR ROBERT "BOBBY" KENNEDY IN A MOMENT OF  QUIET REFLECTION

The mood of the public in America was one of uncertainty and skepticism. Despair over the assassination of JFK in 1963 and the very recent assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was compounded by public outcry over the Vietnam War. There was no longer any way to take life for granted. The image of perfect white picket fences had been completely obliterated.

By midnight on June 4, 1968, New York Senator Robert Kennedy was exhausted, running on pure adrenalin. It was hard to believe that just a week earlier Kennedy had lost the Oregon Democratic Primary to Eugene McCarthy. The 174 delegates had declared California a “Kennedy state.” It seemed that the Democratic nomination was well within his reach. After giving a short speech celebrating his victory in California, Robert Kennedy left 2,000 campaign workers in the Embassy Ballroom of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles and was led out through the kitchen.

robert kennedy glasses 1

THE PRESCRIPTION EYEGLASSES FROM SENATOR ROBERT F. KENNEDY. NEARLY IDENTICAL TO HIS BROTHER'S - PRESIDENT JFK. BOTH ARE IN THE AMYX COLLECTION.

With all of the kitchen staff, media, and Kennedy’s entourage, there were more than 70 people packed in that hotel kitchen. The 24-year old Palestinian named Sirhan Sirhan man approached Kennedy without warning. He pulled out a .22 caliber pistol, firing again and again until all eight cylinders had been emptied. Robert Kennedy was hit three times; the bullet that caused his death hit behind his right ear. The other two bullets entered his right armpit, one below the other. The remaining bullets injured five innocent bystanders.

Chaos ensued. The hotel maitre'd tackled the shooter, forcing him down on the steam table beside them. There was no Secret Service or officers from the Los Angeles Police Department present. The few hired security measures that had been taken had failed miserably. Robert F. Kennedy was lying on the floor in pain. A young busboy pressed a set of rosary beads into his open palm and offered him a few words of encouragement. Bobby Kennedy responded by asking if everyone was alright. His overwrought, pregnant wife Ethel Kennedy knelt down next to him weeping until the ambulance arrived.

JFK and father stand together

ROBERT F. KENNEDY'S BROTHER, PRESIDENT JOHN F KENNEDY AND FATHER JANUARY 20TH, 1961

When Kennedy arrived at the hospital, the doctors determined that the bullet that entered his skull was fired just inches from his head – not from a distance where Sirhan Sirhan was standing. This was the first of many disturbing discoveries of the investigation. Kennedy was rushed to Good Samaritan Hospital where surgeons spent three hours trying to save him. Unfortunately, their efforts were in vain. Robert Kennedy was pronounced dead at 1:44 am on June 5 at the age of only 42.

john f kennedy framed glasses 1

PRESIDENT JFK'S EYEGLASSES FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION - ROBERT F KENNEDY WAS ASSASSINATED JUST 5 YEARS AFTER HIS BROTHER

Sirhan Sirhan had dispelled eight bullets in the hotel kitchen that night. His diary said that he intended to kill RFK because of his support of Israel. Sirhan was tried and convicted for the murder of Robert Kennedy. His death sentence was commuted when the death penalty was abolished in California in 1972.

Although the incident seemed direct, many people involved remain convinced that there may have been another shooter. Several witnesses recall hearing thirteen bullets being fired. Others saw Sirhan talking to an unidentified girl just before the shooting started. Adding to the oddity, hotel doorways that were photographed with bullet abrasions were immediately destroyed and replaced.  For reasons we cannot explain, all evidence that supported the theory of another gunman was completely destroyed, recanted or declared irrelevant.

raleigh degeer amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR – RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World-renown collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent nearly 35 years buying, selling, and trading museum-quality historical memorabilia including items that belonged to Robert F. Kennedy and John F. Kennedy. Many of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. Contact them to register for the auction and to obtain a catalog. You can find the official auction web page at http://www.rrauction.com/Raleigh-DeGeer-Amyx-Collection-September-2014.htm.

If you have interest in any particular items in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the form below or contact the auction house directly using the above link.

 

SELECT AMERICANA COLLECTIBLES MAY BE AVAILABLE

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

President Warren G. Harding -- First to be broadcast on the radio

 

warren g harding

THE HANDSOME SPORTING MAN - WARREN G. HARDING

The 29th American President, Warren G. Harding (1865–1923), was a Republican from Ohio. Advancing through the ranks of Ohio Senate and then the US Senate, he gained favor in the post-World War era by proposing a "return to normalcy” during his presidential campaign.

The 1920 results of the unprecedented landslide presidential election - a Pittsburgh radio station announced the victory of Warren G. Harding. Harding who won by a margin of 60% of the popular vote. This was the first time that the results of a presidential election were broadcast live.

warren harding with dog photo 1

WARREN G. HARDING AND "LADDIE BOY" -  ON THE WHITE HOUSE LAWN

Presidency

The presidency of Warren G. Harding lacked the type of impact we have come to expect. His role is viewed by most historians as the transition between the idealism of Woodrow Wilson and the prosperity achieved by Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover. It has been said that Harding’s impressive presence and amiable nature helped him capture the presidency despite the fact that his campaign promises of a “return to normalcy” lacked clarity and any real conviction.

warren harding photo 3

WARREN G. HARDING ATTENDING A BASEBALL GAME TO THROW THE FIRST PITCH

Although the memory of Harding’s presidency was tarnished by the major corrupt actions of his friends, Harding was involved in some important advances in communication. For example, in 1922, Harding was the first president to have a radio installed in the White House.

warren g harding phonograph

A PHONOGRAPH WAS USED BY PRESIDENT WARREN G. HARDING TO RECORD HIS SPEECHES

Harding had a keen interest in technology. In fact, on June 14, 1922, the speech that Harding delivered in Washington, DC at the dedication of the Francis Scott Key Memorial was broadcast over the radio. This was the very first time the voice of an American President was broadcast to the public via the radio. This broadcast, which recognized Ffrancis Scott Key as the composer of the "Star Spangled Banner”, was heard by 125,000 Americans. The following year, President Harding began recording a number of his speeches on an early model phonograph that used wax discs for recording and play.

warren g harding radio address

WARREN G. HARDING - A POOR GOLFER - BUT THE PRESIDENT LOVED TO TRY

 

Presidential Communication Milestones

The introduction of radio broadcast was a major development that forever changed the way American presidents communicated with the world. Here are a few milestones to put this development in perspective.

George Washington disseminated information on primitive newspapers that were delivered on horseback in the late 1700’s. Abraham Lincoln had the luxury of transmitting information via the telegraph, or upon delivery by train in the mid 1800’s. Rutherford B. Hayes was in office when the telephone was introduced in 1877. William Taft used the phonograph to distribute recordings of his speeches in the early 1900’s. Calvin Coolidge was the first president to deliver a radio address in 1925. Franklin Roosevelt maximized the potential of radio throughout the 1930’s and 1940’s with his Fireside Chats. John F. Kennedy had a calm demeanor and striking good looks which attributed to his success in the televised debates leading up to the 1960 presidential election. Bill Clinton established the first White House website in 1994.

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection

raleigh degeer amyx auction

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World-renown collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent well overthe last quarter century enjoying his passion for historical memorabilia. He is often called upon by government agencies, world-class appraisers, and auction houses to evaluate important artifacts.

Mr. Amyx has developed a lasting relationship with former White House servants and their families. As a result, he has had the opportunity to acquire many personal items that belonged to American presidents and first ladies. Among these museum-quality artifacts are a number of personal items that belonged to President Warren G. Harding. These rare artifacts can be viewed at AMERICANHERITAGE1.COM.

warren harding black leather toilet kit 1WARREN G. HARDING’S MASCULINE BLACK LEATHER GOLD EMBOSSED TOILETRIES KIT - THIS RARE ITEM FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION WILL BE OFFERED AT THE AUCTION LISTED BELOW ON SEPTEMBER 17TH, 2014

Also, many of the museum-quality, historical artifacts from the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. Contact them to register for the auction and to obtain a catalog. You can find the official auction web page at http://www.rrauction.com/Raleigh-DeGeer-Amyx-Collection-September-2014.htm.

If you have interest in any particular items in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the form below or contact the auction house directly using the link above.

 

SELECT PRESIDENTIAL ITEMS TO BE OFFERED

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

A Brief History of The Kentucky Derby -Greatest two minutes in sports

 

Kentucky Derby founder Col. M. Lewis Clark was inspired by the horse racing that he enjoyed while traveling in England and France. Upon his return to the US in 1874, Clark began working toward his goal of stabling a horse racing tradition, to enhance the existing horse breeding industry in Kentucky. The initial construction of Churchill Downs was financed through the sale of track memberships and the land was leased from two of Clark’s uncles, John and Henry Churchill - thus the iconic name Churchill Downs.

AFIRST2ONE OF THE EARLIEST KENTUCKY DERBY WINNERS - RACE FOR THE ROSES

More than 10,000 guests were in attendance at the opening event at the very first Kentucky Derby, held May 17, 1875 at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. The winner of the first Kentucky Derby was a three-year-old chestnut colt, Aristides.

churchill downs main entrance photo 1THE FAMED WINNERS CIRCLE OF CHURCHILL DOWNS - SINCE 1875

Horse racing did not become popular right away. The significant investment was not generating sufficient revenue. It was not until 1903 that the Kentucky Derby finally showed a profit under the leadership of a team headed by the renowned Matt Winn.

In the early 1900’s there were movements in nearby states to abolish horse racing. Kentucky was able to weather the storm unharmed, although the movement in 1945 again threatened its existence. The Derby maximized their exposure with news of the first filly to win the Derby in 1915. As the Derby continued to grow in popularity, gifts, such as a gold buffet service, a magnificent cup, candlesticks and a handsome trophy began to be presented to the winner each year beginning in 1922-1924. The race was even broadcast over the radio, beginning in 1925.

kentucky derby race horse photo 1THE TWIN-SPIRES - AS SEEN JUST ABOVE A THOROUGHBRED IN STRIDE

Although the 1930’s began with the introduction of the starting box in the Kentucky Derby, the Great Depression caused the Kentucky Derby annual tradition to be interrupted for several years. As things started to get better, in 1938, a tunnel that led from the grandstand to the infield was constructed and opened to the public for an admission price of 50 cents.

It was 1949 when the 75th Kentucky Derby was televised locally. After Matt Winn passed away, Bill Corum took over and made numerous improvements such as: CBS affiliate broadcasts the Derby on TV nationwide, barns were upgraded to concrete firewall construction, additional seating was added, the race was filmed to allow for replays, an automatic sprinkler system was installed in the grandstand and clubhouse.

kentucky derby race horse photo 2THE LEGENDARY SECRETARIAT WITH JOCKEY RON TURCOTTE ASTRIDE

More improvements were made during the 1960’s. In 1973, Secretariat’s electrifying record breaking 1:59 2/5 time at the Kentucky Derby and his subsequently dramatic Triple Crown win, the first in 25 years, brought the general public's focus to horse racing. In 1974, a record breaking 163,628 people flocked to the Churchill Downs to see the 100th Kentucky Derby.

Throughout the 1980’s and 1990’s, more than $25 million was invested into improvements and an aggressive marketing campaign ensued. The Derby also benefitted from the introduction of simultaneous wagering systems and the launch of www.kentuckyderby.com.

kentucky derby race horses photo 1THE KENTUCKY DERBY - "THE GREATEST TWO MINUTES IN ALL OF SPORTS"

From the year 2000 until today, the Kentucky Derby has continued to evolve. Improvements to the grounds, including security enhancements and increased television coverage, brought record numbers of attendees to the Derby. Many of the earliest traditions of the Kentucky Derby have remained throughout the years, such as the special occasion stunning ladies hats and the official drink of the Kentucky Derby, the Mint Julep. It is an iced drink consisting of bourbon, mint, and sweet syrup which is served in a sought after commemorative Kentucky Derby glass.

kentucky derby mint julep glasses 1

 RACE FOR ROSES - LOUISVILLE - THE KENTUCKY DERBY

World Renowned Collector of Historical Memorabilia, Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, grew up in Louisville, Kentucky and has had a love for the Kentucky Derby all of his life. Among the most prized items in The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is an extensive collection of Official Kentucky Derby Mint Julep Glasses. Although more than 500,000 are produced each year in modern times, only 25,000 or less had been produced each year for the Kentucky Derby in its earliest years.

Raleigh DeGeer AmyxCOLLECTOR AND RESPECTED AUTHORITY ON HISTORICAL MEMORABILIA - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Mr. Amyx has had the good fortune to acquire several museum-quality relics, over a 30 year period, of international importance. Most of the items from this Collection will be sold by RRAUCTION.COM on September 17th & 18th, 2014, live in Boston, Massachusetts.

Serious collectors who would like to discuss these or other museum quality historically significant items are invited to contact Mr. Amyx for a confidential discussion, or better yet simply contact rrauction.com and register for this important event.

SELECT HISTORICAL PIECESMAY BE AVAILABLE

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

Dr. Robert King Stone - Personal Physician of Abraham Lincoln - 1865

 

robert king stoneDR ROBERT KING STONE - PERSONAL PHYSICIAN OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Surrounding every productive leader, there are many supportive associates. For Abraham Lincoln, one of these people was his personal physician, Dr. Robert King Stone (1822-1872). Since the American Civil War, Dr. Stone cared for President Lincoln and then was asked to care for the first family during Lincoln’s presidency.

Background

Dr. Stone had begun his life as the son of an engraver. After earning his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Stone traveled to London, Paris and Vienna to investigate hospital techniques and practices. In 1847 Dr. Stone opened his own medical practice. After establishing an outstanding reputation in the Washington DC medical community, he became a professor at Columbian College Medical School, which has since become The George Washington University Medical School.

Caring for the Lincoln Family

It was February of 1862 when two of Lincoln’s sons were afflicted with Typhoid Fever. Although Dr. Stone cared for them and did everything he could, 8-year-old Thomas ‘Tad’ Lincoln survived but 11-year-old William ‘Willie’ Lincoln passed away. The Lincoln family trusted Dr. Stone and called on him regularly for medical care. In particular, Mrs. Lincoln relied on him for assistance with her frequent migraine headaches.

lincoln eyeglasses reading son tad 1 resized 600 ICONIC PRESIDENT - ABRAHAM LINCOLN WITH HIS SON TAD

Presidential Influence

President Lincoln so respected Dr. Stone’s medical opinion that he wrote a letter to the surgeon general in 1862 urging him to follow his directive in regard to introduce a certain disinfectant for use in hospitals and camps. Dr. Stone was often called upon to treat members of the White House staff as well as the First Family.

Medical Case

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection has acquired the small medical case that was used by Dr. Robert King Stone during the time that he served the Lincoln Family. The black leather case contains syringes and other instruments lain in purple velvet with a hinge monogrammed "R.K.S., M.D." This rare find is proven authentic by Dr. Stone’s own original hand-written note that indicates that he used it to treat President Abraham Lincoln.

medical case used lincoln shot 1 resized 600PHYSICIAN'S MEDICAL CASE USED WHILE TREATING PRESIDENT LINCOLN - LONG IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION  - THIS ICONIC RELIC WILL BE SOLD BY RRAUCTION.COM SEPTEMBER 17,2014

Assassination

Dr. Stone remained with President Lincoln during his final hours. After learning that the President had been shot at Ford’s Theater, Dr. Stone rushed to his aid. Another doctor who was at the scene had President Lincoln moved to a private home that was directly across the street from the theatre. Although he was still breathing and had a weak pulse for several hours, President Lincoln's horrendous wound was mortal and the President  never regained consciousness.  The President was pronounced dead early on the morning of April 15, 1865.

Abraham LincolnABRAHAM LINCOLN - AMERICA'S  ICONIC 16TH  PRESIDENT

Consoling the First Family

It was Dr. Stone who informed Robert Todd Lincoln, President Lincoln’s eldest son, of his father’s fatal condition. In the weeks following the assassination, Mrs. Lincoln became very distraught. Dr. Stone and another physician who was a friend of the family cared for her, insisting that she be allowed to remain in the White House until she had sufficiently recovered.

ABE LINCOLN

16TH U.S. PRESIDENT - ABRAHAM LINCOLN OF ILLINOIS

Testimony

Dr. Stone’s concern for the Lincolns extended to the formal investigation of the assassination. Although there were many witnesses, Dr. Stone was the only physician to give testimony about the President’s condition. In his account, he provides details of the close range gunshot that entered the back of President Lincoln’s head, the immediate effects it had on his person, and the attempts of himself and others to assist the President. Dr. Stone describes how Lincoln’s breathing and heartbeat gradually decreased, and closer to his death, how his body began convulsing. His remarks continued with a full account of President Lincoln’s autopsy.

abraham lincoln funeral A SMALL PORTION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S ENORMOUS PRESIDENTIAL FUNERAL

Historical Significance

The role that Dr. Stone enjoyed while caring for the Lincoln family, however tragically it may have ended, helped his career considerably. He was very well respected and was able to accomplish many things due to the powerful influence he had earned.

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is proud to own the authentic medical case, as well as the Physician's personal provenance, pertaining to it's use on of President Lincoln. Mr. Amyx has spent more than 30 years collecting historically significant artifacts. Many of the museum-quality hisorical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold, including this iconic representation, in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. If you have interest in a particular item in the collection, please feel to inquire using the form below or contact the the auction house directly using the above link.

 

raleigh degeer amyx RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR

SELECT PRESIDENTIAL ITEMS TO BE OFFERED

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

MICKEY MANTLE - Role of Alcohol in the Life of The Baseball Legend

 

MANTLE SWINGING BAT

SWITCH HITTER MICKEY MANTLE - BASEBALL LEGEND OF THE NEW YORK YANKEES

Mickey Mantle is among the greatest baseball players of all time. As a 20-time MLB All-Star, 3-time American League MVP and 7-time World Series Champion, his astounding performance remains a source of inspiration for sports fans across the globe. While loyal fans may be able to recite Mantle’s stats as a New York Yankee from 1951 through 1968, they may not be aware of his lifelong abuse of alcohol.

In a 1994 interview with Sports Illustrated, ‘The Mick’ recounted the history of his drinking habits, how it evolved over the years and his regret for the negative impact it had on his life. The resulting article and various biographies and memoirs document the significant role that alcohol played in Mantle’s life throughout his lifetime.

Camaraderie

Although Mantle had come to the Yankees as a shy, country boy, he became accustomed to life in the big city with the help of his constant companion, Yankees’ second baseman Billy Martin. After the first few drinks, Mantle would be happy and generous, giving autographs and having fun. But, after a few more, Mantle’s gentle disposition transformed to one of a crude loudmouth. Worse yet, he’d wake up the next morning with no memory of the previous nights’ events.

Mickey Mantle

KNOWN FOR HIS BRIGHT SMILE & MAN'S MAN PERSONA BASEBALL LEGEND MICKEY MANTLE

Mantle developed a tolerance for alcohol that enabled him to drink all night and still give his top performance on the field. There are many famous accounts of the barroom antics shared by Mantle and Martin throughout their baseball careers.

Wallowing in Grief

No person had more influence over Mickey Mantle than his father “Mutt” Mantle. He spent his weekends and spare time working with young Mickey, teaching him how to play baseball. Mutt dreamed that his son would one day become the greatest ballplayer who ever lived. The bond they shared was palpable, although it remained unspoken.

MICKEY MANTLE

HIGHLY SKILLED OUTFIELDER FOR THE NEW YORK YANKEES - MICKEY MANTLE

Shortly after Mantle began playing for the Yankees Mutt Mantle died of Hodgkin's disease at age 39. It was this devastating loss that marked the beginning of Mantle’s alcohol abuse.

The Mantle Curse

While Mickey Mantle faced the loss of his father, he became overwhelmed by the fact that cancer had claimed the lives of his grandfather and two uncles at an early age. He used this “Mantle Curse” as a justification for his self-destructive lifestyle. He was convinced that he too would die young.

In reality, Mantle cursed his immediate family with his alcoholism. His wife and three sons all were treated for alcoholism. At the time, he was unaware of the power of his example. It was not until he had gone through recovery that he accepted responsibility for the negative impact he had on their lives.

MANTLE FAMILY

BASEBALL LEGEND MICKEY MANTLE WITH HIS WIFE MERLYN AND THEIR FOUR SONS - MICKEY LET EACH AND EVERY ONE OF THEM DOWN

Filling the Gap

After retiring from Major League Baseball at age 37, Mantle had difficulty adjusting. In the absence of the game’s excitement and the lifestyle he had enjoyed left him feeling depressed and alone. While continuing to drink heavily, he tried one venture after another with little success. It wasn’t until he became enthralled with the sports-memorabilia business that he felt his life had purpose.  His restaurant in Central Park South in New York City was also a success.

Hitting Bottom

After 42 years of alcohol abuse, Mantle hit rock bottom. He was diagnosed with hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, and liver cancer.  On January 7, 1994, he checked into the Betty Ford Clinic where he stayed for 32 days. Although he emerged a changed man, full of regret and dedicated to warning others to avoid his mistakes, his epiphany had come too late.

MICKEY MANTLE

FROM SMALL TOWN OKLAHOMA TO LIFE AS A SPORTS HERO  MICKEY MANTLE

On May 28, 1995, Mantle was admitted to Baylor Hospital and discovered that he required a liver transplant. The fact that a liver was made available to him a mere 11 days later sparked quite a bit of public outrage, though the hospital insisted that no special arrangements had been made. During the surgery, the doctors saw that the cancer had spread throughout his body. Mickey Mantle passed away two months later, on August 13, 1995 at age 63.

Mickey Mantle signed photographFROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION - A SIGNED 11 X14 STUNNINGLY FRAMED SHOT OF MICKEY MANTLE IMMEDIATELY FOLLLOWING HIS OVERWHELMING 1956 TRIPLE CROWN SEASON

Mickey Mantle was survived by his wife Merlyn and three of their four sons. On March 12, 1994, the year before Mickey died, their third son, Billy, died of heart problems connected to Hodgkin's disease. On December 20, 2000, Mickey Jr. died of liver cancer. Merlyn died of Alzheimer's disease on August 10, 2009. Danny, who battled prostate cancer, and David have been very active in the Mickey Mantle Foundation promoting the importance of organ donations.

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - AT THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has been an avid historian and collector for much of his life. His extensive collection is known throughout the world. The knowledge he has acquired has been called upon by the highest industry and government officials. Mr. Amyx has had the good fortune to acquire several museum-quality relics of international importance. Several of the items from this Collection will be sold by RRAUCTION.COM on September 17-18, 2014, live in Boston, Massachusetts.

Serious collectors who would like to discuss these or other museum quality historically significant items are invited to contact Mr. Amyx for a confidential discussion.

 

 

SELECT HISTORICAL PIECESMAY BE AVAILABLE

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

Scandals of Ulysses S. Grant - GENERAL & PRESIDENT

 

U.S. GRANT

18TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES - ULYSSES S. GRANT - LACKED THE SKILL NECESSARY TO OPERATE AT AN ELITE LEVEL IN THE LANDSCAPE OF POLITICS

Ulysses S. Grant had a very successful military career before he was elected as the 18th President of the United States. Unfortunately, his military leadership experience did not prepare him for the challenges he would face in politics. Although Grant’s honesty and integrity was never doubted, several of the people he chose proved to be dishonest and corrupt.

Black Friday

September 24, 1869 – which became known as Black Friday – was the first devastating scandal that tarnished the name of President Grant. The foiled plot was intended to manipulate the price of gold for profit. Conspirators, Fisk and Gould, enlisted the help of Grant’s brother-in-law Abel Corbin to gain access to the President and convince him to halt the sale of Treasury gold.

U.S. GRANT WHITE HOUSE CHINA|GRANT PRESIDENTIAL CHINA|
U.S. GRANT's OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE CHINA - OWNED & USED BY HIM - THIS PRESIDENTIAL CHINA IS A PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

After consulting a trusted businessman, President Grant realized that restricting the sale of Treasury gold was harming public confidence. Without realizing the domino effect it would have, he ordered the immediate sale of government gold valued at $4 million, causing the U.S. gold market to crash. Conspirators Fisk and Gould were never held accountable for the resulting financial ruin of many and the long-lasting effect on the United States economy.

New York Custom House Ring

Another unfortunate development that happened during Grant’s presidency involved the port at New York harbor. The U.S. Treasury Secretary was informed that the New York Custom House was bringing more revenue than any other U.S. port.

A congressional investigation of the situation revealed that two corrupt collectors, both appointed by President Grant, had been storing unclaimed goods in private warehouses for exorbitant fees. It was discovered that three additional associates of Grant’s were profiting from this scheme.

GENERAL GRANT

ACCOMPLISHED WAR HERO - GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT

Although reforms were implemented to correct the import abuses, many in government were still skeptical. In 1872, one U.S. senator alleged in a speech that the corruption in the customs house continued. A second congressional investigation was unable to confirm this allegation.

Whiskey Ring

Perhaps the most shocking scandal involved President Grant’s private secretary. The allegations claimed that Midwestern distilleries had been cheating the federal government out of millions in liquor tax with the assistance of federal agents.

The distillers bribed federal agents to deter them from collecting the $.70/gallon of tax which equaled approximately $2 million per year. This scheme had been going on since the Lincoln administration and was therefore widespread. Of the 350 federal indictments issued, 110 resulted in conviction and $3 million of tax revenue was recovered.

GRANT

PRESIDENT GRANT FINISHED HIS BEST SELLING MEMOIRS SHORTLY BEFORE HIS DEATH FROM THROAT CANCER

During the investigation, it was alleged that President Grant’s personal secretary was directly involved in the whiskey ring. Grant took the unusual action of providing a deposition in his defense, which secured his acquittal but further damaged Grant’s reputation.

Historical Perspective 

After the astounding accomplishment of President Grant’s military career it was tragic to see multiple scandals tarnish his image. Few men have held such a significant role in the evolution of our young nation. His experiences were recorded and published by Mark Twain during the final months of his life. U.S. Grant's well written Memoirs became a major best seller and even today are considered to be an excellent read.

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx

RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - NATIONALLY KNOWN  COLLECTOR OF AMERICAN HISTORICAL MEMORABILIA

Artifacts

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has been an avid collector of American artifacts for more than 30 years. He is proud to include personal items owned by President Ulysses S. Grant in his collection of museum-quality items.

Among these historically significant items are a handsome mahogany pocket cigar case with a brass shield monogrammed "USG 1862," a lock of President Grant’s hair encased in a brass oval frame, one of his straight razors, and an epaulet from Grant’s major general uniform. These items are to be sold by RRAUCTION.COM on September 17th & 18th, 2014, live in Boston, Mass.

And other select pieces in this collection may soon be available for sale. If you have a serious interest, please fill out the contact form below. Mr. Amyx would appreciate the opportunity to engage in a confidential discussion with you about a topic or item of interest.

SELECT MILITARY HISTORICAL RELICSTO BE OFFERED

For additional historical facts that may be of interest see: www.AmericanHeritage1.com

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American historian and collector. His full biography can be read on his Wikipedia page.

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