President James Monroe was the 5th President and the last of the founding fathers and so-called Virginia Dynasty. These men shaped the undisputed foundation of every law in the United States. Along with George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and John Adams, James Monroe worked tirelessly to affirm the very rights we take for granted but are unavailable to citizens of most any other nation.
PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE (1758–1831)
James Monroe was built for public service. He tried his hand at farming; although this served his father well, he was unable to find satisfaction in the way he had with leadership in early government. First, Monroe was a major in the Continental Army where he sustained a nearly-fatal shoulder injury during the Battle of Trenton. After being appointed colonel in the Virginia service, Monroe won a congressional election, then was appointed to the U.S. Senate. Under President Washington and President Jefferson, James Monroe was named US Minister to France and later served as U.S. minister to Britain and special envoy to Spain. Later, Monroe served multiple terms as governor of Virginia. Under President James Madison, Monroe served as Secretary of State and then Secretary of War. Monroe served two terms as president from 1817 to 1825. He honored the customary two-term limit recommended by George Washington and observed by James Madison.
JAMES MONROE - LEADER IN CREATING THE MONROE DOCTRINE
Many may not realize that it was President James Monroe’s position statement that later became known as the Monroe Doctrine. On December 2, 1823, President James Monroe asserted leadership and threat of action toward any foreign government that may seek to colonize free and independent bodies in the Americas would be considered a hostile act toward the United States. This pillar of America is still very relevant in American foreign policy circles today.
The popular President James Madison did not seek re-election after the completion of his second term; his endorsement of James Monroe for president was quite significant. Monroe won the election of 1816 with ease and was completely uncontested for reelection in 1820. Although his presidency began with an “Era of Good Feelings” tour, the condition of the nation did not remain pleasant for long. The Panic of 1819 left the young nation devastated with widespread unemployment. The issue of slavery was hotly debated as Massachusetts, Maine, and Missouri were added to the union. Missouri was added into the union as a free state, which symbolized a denouncement of slavery, as it was barred to the north and west of the state from that point forward.
JAMES MONROE WHITE HOUSE CHINA - DESSERT PLATE CIRCA 1820 - THE COLLECTION OF RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX
After leaving office, President James Monroe and the First Lady Elizabeth Monroe retired to their home in Virginia. After his wife’s death, Monroe was absolutely devastated. After that, the former president lived with his daughter Eliza until he died on July 4, 1831. James Monroe was one of several presidents who passed away on the fourth of July.
HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX
Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is a world-renowned collector who has spent his life in the company of world leaders and individuals. Mr. Amyx has had the pleasure of acquiring a vast collection of museum-quality historical memorabilia. His most prized possessions are found in his White House China Collection, including the White House china of President James Monroe. Mr. Amyx has the largest privately-owned collection anywhere in the world. To discuss American historical memorabilia with Mr. Amyx, please contact him through the button below.