JOHN QUINCY ADAMS - SON OF PRESIDENT JOHN ADAMS AND FIRST LADY ABIGAIL ADAMS
John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) was the 6th President of the United States and the eldest son of John Adams, the 2nd President of the United States, and Abigail Adams. John Quincy Adams was named in honor of Colonel John Quincy, Abigail Adams’ grandfather, who had passed away only a few days after his birth.
As was the case with many of the early U.S. Presidents, John Quincy Adams was groomed for political leadership from a young age. President John Adams took John Quincy with him on many trips to Europe where he witnessed diplomacy first-hand and became very familiar with Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson.
RESIDENCE OF JOHN QUINCY ADAMS IN ST PETERSBURG
Having lived in Europe for much of his upbringing, John Quincy Adams was a student at University of Leiden in the Netherlands. After only a year of studies, he was recruited to serve as secretary and translator for Francis Dana, the American Minister to Russia in St. Petersburg. During this time John Quincy Adams continued to study history, sciences, and languages. He was known to be fluent in French and German.
In 1783, John Quincy returned to Paris to be his father’s personal secretary, during final negotiations that ended the American Revolutionary War. To complete his education, he attended Harvard College and after his graduation in 1785, he went on to prepare for the Massachusetts Bar Exam under the guidance of Theophilus Parsons, who later became a Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, as did Francis Dana.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS - LIFELONG SCHOLAR AND LINGUIST
In 1794, John Quincy Adams was appointed Minister to the Netherlands by President George Washington. When John Adams was elected President in 1797, he appointed John Quincy Adams to be the U.S. Minister to Prussia, modern day Germany and Poland.
When John Quincy Adams had been a young boy, traveling in Europe with his father, he had met many of his father’s colleagues and their families. Among them was an adorable girl, Louisa Catherine Johnson. He became reacquainted with her in London, where her father was the American Consul. She had become an educated, attractive and confident young woman. At that time, John Quincy Adams was 30 years old, a diplomat, and the son of a sitting United States President.
FIRST LADY LOUISA ADAMS - BORN, RAISED, AND WED ABROAD - RESENTED BY SOME FOR NOT BEING BORN IN THE UNITED STATES
Following the customary courtship period, John Quincy Adams traveled to England to marry Louisa, who had been born and raised in Europe. They went on to live in Prussia until 1801 and together had four children.
After John Adams lost his bid for reelection to Thomas Jefferson in 1800, John Quincy Adams returned to Massachusetts to become a Massachusetts State Senator. In 1803, he was appointed to represent Massachusetts in the U.S. Senate where he remained until President James Madison appointed him U.S. Minister to Russia.
ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF JOHN QUINCY ADAMS COMMEMORATED AT THE GEORGE BUSH PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY AND MUSEUM
When James Monroe was elected President, John Quincy Adams returned to the United States to serve as his Secretary of State from 1817 until 1825. He is well known for negotiating with Great Britain to resolve outstanding conflicts between the two countries. This successful resolution allowed for the friendly relations between the two nations that still remain intact until this very day.
During 1824, four candidates competed for the popular vote. For the first time, 18 of the states would be decided by popular vote. The remaining 6 still relied on the state legislature. The race was very close. After Speaker of the House Clay came out in support of John Quincy Adams, Adams won the election by a single vote. These circumstances set the stage for a wretched struggle with Congress. John Quincy Adams lost his bid for reelection to Andrew Jackson in 1828.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS - DIPLOMAT, SECRETARY OF STATE, FOREIGN MINISTER, CONGRESSMAN, AND PRESIDENT
Surprisingly, after the end of his presidency, John Quincy Adams became a powerful leader in the House of Representatives from 1831 until his death in 1848. On February 21, 1848, John Quincy Adams was on the floor of the House when he was struck by a severe stroke. Two days later, he slipped into a coma after saying, “This is the end of earth, but I am content.” He died at the age of eighty on February 23, 1848.
ELEGANT AND NEAR PRISTINE ONE-PIECE CUSTARD CUP AS OWNED AND USED BY PRESIDENT JOHN QUINCY ADAMS FROM -THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION - EXAMPLES ALSO IN THE WHITE HOUSE CHINA COLLECTION
World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has recently acquired pieces from President John Quincy Adams’ official White House & private china. Mary Louisa Adams Clement (1882-1950), a direct descendant of President John Quincy Adams and Louisa Catherine Adams, stated that a French set was purchased by John Quincy Adams, when he served as the American Ambassador to Russia from 1809 to 1814.
HISTORIAN & COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX