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The Unfortunate Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Tue, Feb 24, 2015 @ 08:00 AM

Only two Presidents in America’s history have been impeached: President Andrew Johnson and President Bill Clinton. Neither one was convicted, resulting in both presidents finishing their terms in office. Many Americans these days know the story of Bill Clinton’s impeachment. Andrew Johnson’s is a lesser known story.

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ANDREW JOHNSON - 17TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Johnson Becomes President

Andrew Johnson, a democratic senator from Tennessee during the Civil War, was the only US Senator from a seceding state to remained loyal to the Union. This, plus the fact he was a democrat, gave President Abraham Lincoln a strong reason to choose Johnson as a running mate. Together, they were victorious in the 1864 election, gaining approval from both Republicans and Democrats. Less than 5 months after the election, President Lincoln was shot and killed. President Johnson stepped into his place, however unprepared, with plans to unite a broken nation.

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ABE LINCOLN CHOOSES ANDREW JOHNSON AS HIS RUNNING MATE

His Unending Struggle with Congress

President Johnson, an overt racist, struggled against a Republican Congress in his plan to reconstruct the South. President Johnson’s Reconstruction Policy for the South was so lenient, it preserved the entire system of slavery under a different name. “Black Codes” were laws designed to restrict blacks’ rights and ensure they remained cheap, if not free, labor. Johnson’s Reconstruction Policy also granted complete amnesty to ex-Confederates. This left the Republican Congress enraged.

In response, Congress created the Civil Rights Act to ensure blacks had the right to buy property and testify in court. Johnson vetoed the Act, but Congress overrode the veto by a single vote. The power struggle continued and eventually came to a climax when Johnson tried to replace Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, with Generally Ulysses S Grant. This was a direct violation of the Tenure of Office Act - another act passed over the President's veto. Grant turned the office back to Stanton due to the Senate's protests.

Andrew Johnson wasn’t easily going to give up, though. He decided to again try to replace Stanton, this time with General Lorenzo Thomas. Stanton put up quite a fight this time, barricading himself in his office. The House of Representatives was not going to stand for Johnson’s shenanigans anymore. They formally impeached him on February 24th, 1868. Congress brought forward 11 Articles of Impeachment, many of which charged the President with illegally removing Stanton from office. The last two articles were more vague; saying Johnson slandered Congress through "inflammatory and scandalous harangues."

Unfortunately, Johnson didn’t even have the public on his side. Throughout his term, there had been many personal attacks aimed at him. He was accused of being a "drunken imbecile" and "ludicrous boor.” Johnson had indeed shown up drunk to his vice presidential inauguration and insulted many high ranking officers.

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ANDREW JOHNSON'S IMPEACHMENT TRIAL

The Impeachment Trial

Johnson’s impeachment trial began on March 13th. Three different votes were held and they each ended the same: Congress was one vote short of convicting President Johnson. A young republican senator, Edmund Ross of Kansas, stood between Congress and their goals to see Johnson removed from office. Senator Ross stood his ground, voted “not guilty” each time, and essentially ended the impeachment trial. President Johnson finished his term, moved back to Tennessee, and successfully ran for Senate. Only a few months after returning to DC as a Senator, he suffered a paralytic attack and passed away.

Andrew Johnson’s downfall came from his views on how to effectively handle the Reconstruction of the South, combined with his inability to work peacefully with Congress. He started and ended his political career as a senator, showing that he insisted to the end on having a hand in government, no matter the position.

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RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR

Advanced collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired pieces from many various US Presidents' official White House China Collections. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical memorabilia has been his sole focus for more than three decades. His collection is the first or second largest privately-owned collection of White House China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the button below.

BUY, SHARE, OR TRADE WHITE HOUSE CHINA AND PRESIDENTIAL CHINA

Tags: Andrew Johnson

RECENT DISCOVERY OF THE 1861 WHITE HOUSE CHINA OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Jan 20, 2011 @ 01:20 PM

Early in 1861, Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln discussed the important selection of their, soon to be, Official White House China.  Mary Todd Lincoln, (1818–1882), is believed to be the very first, First Lady to play an Assertive role in choosing White House China & Furnishings for The Executive Mansion.  The Lincoln's selected an impressive and historic choice. A Total Classic! The President and First Lady definitely made a statement. This recent discovery of 1861 Lincoln White House China, after a 30 year quest, finally made its way to The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection AKA The American Heritage Collection.

abraham lincoln official white house china RECENTLY DISCOVERED ABRAHAM AND MARY TODD LINCOLN DINNER PLATE - IN ALL IT'S STUNNING - SOLFERINO - SPLENDOR

This State Dinner Service was French; imported and decorated by The E. V. Haughwout Company, New York.  Mr. Haughwout and Talented Staff hand-painted the Eagle and Clouds, the Gilt decoration as well as the color of Solverino (Royal Purple).  The initial order of which this Stunning Lincoln Plate is one, was for 190 Official pieces.  Mrs. Lincoln's Elegant Choice of White House China has been much appreciated by all First Families; as well as by advanced collectors for 150 years.

PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLNPRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN

At the beginning of the 2nd term of the Abraham Lincoln Administration, Mary Todd Lincoln ordered, with a tone of urgency, the below Buff set of French Haviland China for use at the Executive Mansion.  This China also became known as Official White House China.  It was to feature more modest decoration and to be more simple in design than The First Lady's previously ordered Elegant Solferino (Royal Purple) China of 1861. Only three months prior to the Assassination of President Lincoln, did this Buff China Set finally arrive at The White House.  When Andrew Johnson assumed the Presidency, the Buff China below was, in very specific writing, turned over to that Administration.  Today, a number of examples of the above Solverino (Royal Purple) China remain at The White House as well as at the Smithsonian Institution and The Library of Congress. Perhaps the best Lincoln Buff China example of the entire Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln order can be seen below.

LINCOLN BUFF CHINA RARE 10" SERVING BOWL OF THE LINCOLN BUFF CHINA

The above Lincoln Buff China is in The Raleigh  DeGeer  Amyx Collection. It features a Rare 10" Buff covered serving piece.  Mrs. Lincoln's urgent order was for this Wide Band Buff and Gold on White Porcelain. There was a Particular Hue to the Buff on the Original White House order.  The elegant serving dish featured here was known in the original early 1865 Lincoln Buff Order as one of just four serving pieces described as: " A vegetable dish with cover."  The above pictured attractive example survives intact; and in near pristine condition.  This Stunning Vegetable Dish came to The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection via Historian and Author, Robert Doares, of Williamsburg, Virginia. 

Prior to its release to The  Raleigh  DeGeer  Amyx  Collection, the Buff China rested at The White House so that the Graceful Lid, in particular, could be examined by William Allman, The White House Curator. There, in The White House, the two Gentlemen (Allman and Doares) met to discuss the Lincoln Buff China order; and Specifically, to discuss the Two Primary issues: 1. To Confirm, as closely as possible, the appropriate shade of the Hue of the Buff and; 2. To determine that the Maker of this Lincoln Acquisition to The White House China Collection, in early 1865, was indeed the Haviland Company. After Doares and Allman's caring and dual examination, this Lincoln Buff Vegetable Serving Bowl and Lid was enroute to Raleigh DeGeer Amyx for inclusion into his Official White House China Collection.

RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX RALEIGH  DEGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR-2010

 

 




 

 


Tags: Andrew Johnson, The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection, The American Heritage Collection, Abraham Lincoln, White House China, John F. Kennedy

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