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Arthur PrettymaN - FDR's Most Well-Known Valet

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Mar 23, 2017 @ 10:30 AM

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FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (1882-1945)
OUR 32ND PRESIDENT (1933-1945)

Traditionally, the role of valet has been to maintain “his man’s” wardrobe and help him present a well-groomed personal appearance. Throughout American history, however, the role of valet to the President has been much more complex. Although each relationship has been unique in its own ways, presidential valets have served as butlers and meal servers, couriers, and close personal confidants as well as overseeing and helping select their president’s daily attire.

In the case of Arthur Prettyman, serving as valet to President Franklin D. Roosevelt was even more challenging.

FDR Roosevelt White House China

TIMELESS DINNER PLATE FROM THE FRANKLIN AND ELEANOR ROOSEVELT FEATURES MOTIFS BORROWED FROM THE HISTORIC ROOSEVELT FAMILY COAT OF ARMS - MANUFACTURED BY LENOX - PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION
SEE MORE WHITE HOUSE CHINA COLLECTIONS HERE

Like so many presidential valets before him, Arthur Prettyman was a veteran of the US military. He retired from the Navy as a chief petty officer. He came on board as FDR’s personal valet in 1939, after Roosevelt’s long-time valet Irwin MacDuffie was fired, allegedly for drinking on the job instead of attending to his duties.

Franklin D. Roosevelt had contracted polio in 1921, when he was just 39 years old. The disease left his legs virtually paralyzed and forced him to wear heavy leg braces that locked at the knee. He was unable to don the braces himself, and even while wearing them, Roosevelt could barely walk with the aid of crutches. Often he used a wheelchair instead. So it became Arthur Prettyman’s job as valet to assist the president not only in wardrobe selection, but by strapping on the leg braces and dressing him. He also helped FDR into his wheelchair and lifted him from the wheelchair to his bed.

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MILDRED PRETTYMAN, WIFE OF ARTHUR PRETTYMAN, WITH FDR'S CANE AND FEDORA IN 1983 - BOTH PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

Their relationship had a humorous side too. Evidently, Arthur Prettyman was aptly named -- said to have had a radiant smile. FDR often referred to him as a “lady killer.”

Due to the nature of their job, presidential valets have always been privy to the behind-the-scenes workings of the White House as well as the president’s daily schedule. Aware of FDR’s many important meetings, where discussion often included disagreement, Arthur Prettyman was known to reply to the President, “One does not refute the chief executive.”

As valet, Prettyman’s primary responsibility was to pick out the President’s attire for the day – his suit and which tie to wear with it. Usually FDR left those decisions to his valet, but there were times when Roosevelt voiced his own preference. On those occasions, Prettyman always deferred, because “one does not refute the chief executive,” not even in matters of personal attire.

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HISTORIC BEAVER FORMAL TOP HAT WORN BY F.D.R. AT HIS FIRST INAUGURATION ON MARCH 4, 1933 - PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

Because his physical impairment required an assistant to be present at night as well as during the day, Franklin D. Roosevelt had more valets than any other president -- a total of five (because it took two at at time from 1938-1945) during his tenure in the White House. But Arthur Prettyman became the most well-known.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage on April 12, 1945. It came as a shock to the American public, from whom FDR’s chronic and deteriorating health problems had been carefully hidden for years. The President had traveled to the “Little White House,” his cottage near Warm Springs, Georgia. Naturally, his entourage included his trusted valet, Arthur Prettyman.

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A SADDENED ARTHUR PRETTYMAN WALKS FDR'S DOG, FALA, IN ATLANTA WHEN THE TRAIN BEARING FDR'S REMAINS MAKES A STOP ENROUTE TO WASHINGTON, D.C. 

One of the most touching moments that indelibly associates Arthur Prettyman with FDR’s passing is memorialized in a famous photograph. In it, a very sad Prettyman is seen walking Roosevelt’s beloved Scottish terrier, Fala, during a stop in Atlanta as the train carrying the President’s body headed back to Washington, DC.

And so, Arthur Prettyman became Franklin D. Roosevelt’s final and most famous valet, due his grand personality and to circumstances of fate.

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RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR 

World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired a remarkable number of scarce or rare pieces of official White House China. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical artifacts has been his sole focus for more than 35 years. Mr. Amyx's collection is the largest privately-owned collection of extremely high-quality, as well as the rarest, Official White House China and Presidential China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the button below.

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Tags: White House China, Franklin D. Roosevelt

Irvin McDuffie: From Shining Shoes to Presidential Valet

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Dec 08, 2016 @ 10:30 AM

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IRVIN McDUFFIE - DEVOTED VALET TO FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT

Only a very few men in our nation’s history can say they served as valet to the President of the United States. Irvin McDuffie was one of them. Hired by Franklin Delano Roosevelt as valet and personal assistant, McDuffie – or Mac, as FDR called him – later described Roosevelt as “the kindest and finest man in the world.”

Irvin McDuffie was a Georgia native. He worked his way up from shining shoes in an Atlanta barber shop to co-owning a shop. Along the way, however, he also served as a valet for the German consul in Atlanta. In 1927, McDuffie injured his legs and, after that, could not stand for extended periods. One of his barbershop customers heard him say he wished to find another valet position instead. As it happened, this customer was a building materials supplier to FDR’s Warm Springs Foundation. He mentioned McDuffie to Roosevelt, knowing he was looking for a valet.

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LOVELY DINNER PLATE FROM THE F.D.R. OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE CHINA COLLECTION FEATURES A TIMELESS DESIGN INSPIRED BY THE ROOSEVELT FAMILY COAT OF ARMS - MANUFACTURED BY LENOX - PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION
SEE MORE OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE CHINA HERE.

It was the beginning of a long and historic relationship - an adventure for McDuffie and his wife, Lizzie, whom the Roosevelts later hired as their maid.

Unlike some other presidential valets, McDuffie never actually selected FDR’s wardrobe. He would lay out several options, but FDR always made the final decision. McDuffie did make an “executive” wardrobe decision one time, though. He confiscated the tie FDR was wearing at the time of an attempted assassination in 1933, when he was still President-Elect. He felt the tie had become unlucky.

In addition to duties normally associated with being a valet, McDuffie assisted the President with personal activities made difficult by FDR’s polio. Mac lifted FDR into and out of bed and his wheelchair, and helped him put on his steel leg braces. He also helped him dress. He was always in awe of Roosevelt, one time saying of him, “He can work five men to death while he lies in bed.”

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F.D.R. USED THIS WALNUT SHAFT CANE A GREAT DEAL UNTIL HE CRACKED THE IVORY HANDLE - PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

Irvin McDuffie even had an official double. FDR started using one – a man named Sean O’Grady – in 1932. Although the President had received death threats, the primary reason for introducing a double was that the president’s polio tired him, making it difficult to make every scheduled public appearance. From even a short distance, O’Grady looked remarkably like FDR. And just after the inauguration in 1933, the president’s valet was also replaced with a double for certain public appearances -- one Rufus Strother. This was the first time either an American President or his valet used a double.

McDuffie himself accompanied President Roosevelt to Brazil in 1936. During the visit, Mac was detained by the Rio de Janeiro police. It was a mistake, but the incident caused McDuffie to miss the sailing of the USS Indianapolis, the President’s ship. FDR was so upset at the thought of making do without his valet, he dispatched the USS Chester to bring McDuffie home.

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THIS CLASSIC BLACK TIE WITH WHITE STRIPES WAS ONE OF ROOSEVELT'S FAVORITE WARDROBE ITEMS - PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION 

In her memoirs, Lizzie McDuffie noted that she and her husband became FDR’s insider spokespeople for African American conditions. Their positions within the White House family were well-known, so they were privy to reports of discrimination in the postal service and the Works Progress Administration, among other issues. They personally carried these stories to the President.

Toward the end of his life, Irvin McDuffie worked in a job that FDR arranged at the Treasury Department. He passed away on January 30, 1945. Coincidentally, that was the date that would have been Roosevelt’s 64th birthday.

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RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR 

World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired a remarkable number of scarce or rare pieces of official White House China. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical artifacts has been his sole focus for more than 35 years. Mr. Amyx's collection is the largest privately-owned collection of extremely high-quality, as well as the rarest, Official White House China and Presidential China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the button below.

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Tags: Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt: Opening the Presidential Cabinet Door to Women

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Apr 07, 2016 @ 10:30 AM

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FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (1882-1945)
OUR 32ND PRESIDENT (1933-1945)

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first American president to appoint a woman to his cabinet, naming Frances Perkins Secretary of Labor in 1933. Perkins had served as FDR’s Labor Commissioner when he was Governor of New York, and he brought her “up” with him when he transitioned to the White House. Very impressive moves for his time.

In her position as New York Labor Commissioner, Perkins had worked tirelessly to improve pay and working conditions in industries that employed women as well as men. She also focused public attention on the plight of poor working women, an issue often ignored by politicians.

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CLASSIC SERVICE PLATE FROM THE F.D.R. OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE CHINA COLLECTION FEATURES THE HISTORIC ROOSEVELT FAMILY COAT OF ARMS - MANUFACTURED BY LENOX - PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION.
SEE MORE OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE CHINA HERE.

As Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins served from 1933 to 1945, the longest tenure of any holder of that cabinet post. President Roosevelt also appointed her to head a new cabinet-level Committee on Economic Security. In both roles, Perkins figured prominently in helping FDR craft ground-breaking legislation such as the Social Security Act, unemployment insurance and federal minimum wage laws.

Nonetheless, men benefited more than women because they were considered family bread-winners. The significant majority of jobs created by the CCC and WPA went to men. Minimum wage laws allowed women to be paid less for the same work, and newly-instituted Social Security legislation did not cover domestics or retail workers, two groups comprised largely of women.

Frances Perkins

FRANCES PERKINS (1880-1965)
FIRST WOMAN APPOINTED TO THE U.S. CABINET AND THE LONGEST SERVING U.S. SECRETARY OF LABOR (1933-1945)

Frances Perkins may have held the highest position for a woman in government during the Roosevelt presidential years, but she was not alone. Women came to fill many key roles, especially in agencies and programs associated with FDR’s New Deal. Josephine Roche served as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Hilda Smith directed Workers Education for the WPA. Clara Beyer served as Associate Director of the Division of Labor Standards, and Mary McLeod Bethune headed the Division of Negro Affairs within the National Youth Administration.

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ANNA ELEANOR ROOSEVELT (1884-1962)
OUR LONGEST SERVING FIRST LADY (1933-1945)

And then there was Eleanor. Like many Presidential wives throughout our history, Eleanor Roosevelt served as confidante and unofficial political advisor to her husband. But she was the first to transform the role of First Lady into a highly visible advocacy position.

Eleanor used her prominence as First Lady to promote coverage for women in federal relief programs. A women’s division was created under the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, and a woman was appointed to head the division. States were required to appoint their own women’s programs, headed by women.

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STUNNING SERVICE PLATE ORDERED BY ROOSEVELT FOR THE USS WILLIAMSBURG. UNFORTUNATELY, THE UNTIMELY DEATH OF FDR MEANT HE WOULD NOT GET TO USE OR SEE THIS GORGEOUS FINAL PRODUCT - PART OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION.

In 1940, the women’s division of the Democratic National Committee met in Washington, DC. Anticipating a turnout of around a hundred women, FDR and Eleanor, who was a leader in the organization, extended an invitation to meet at the White House. The President wanted a chance to “chat a little” with them. However, when 4,000 women arrived in the capital for the gathering, the meeting had to be moved elsewhere. Perhaps both Roosevelts had seriously underestimated the desire of women across the country to take an active role in politics.

One thing is certain: Franklin Delano Roosevelt had two smart, strong women working in the Executive branch of the government. Whether FDR was a deliberate advocate for women or he simply respected and appreciated what they could contribute to his administration, he did instigate and preside over dramatic economic and social programs that had profound effects on women as well as men. And he will always be known as the president who opened the cabinet door to woman.

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RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR 

World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired a remarkable number of scarce or rare pieces of official White House China. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical artifacts has been his sole focus for more than 35 years. Mr. Amyx's collection is the largest privately-owned collection of extremely high-quality, as well as the rarest, Official White House China and Presidential China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the button below.

SELECT PRESIDENTIAL ITEMS MAY BE AVAILABLE

 

Tags: Franklin D. Roosevelt

FDR - The Determined Philatelist & Head of State

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Jan 15, 2015 @ 08:00 AM

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was an inveterate collector, both before and during his presidency. He collected models of ships, rare books, drawings, prints, stamps and coins. But it was the stamps that truly captivated him. By the time he passed away in 1945, he had amassed more than 1,200,000 varieties.

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THE EFFERVESCENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT WITH FIRST LADY ELEANOR ROOSEVELT

As with many personal stamp collections, most of the items had minimal monetary value. Nonetheless, the year after his death, FDR’s collection was divided into four lots and auctioned for a total of $220,000. But for Franklin Roosevelt, the stamps represented a different kind of value.

Young Franklin D. Roosevelt started collecting stamps when he was eight year old, encouraged by his mother Sara Delano Roosevelt who had been a collector herself as a child. He focused on stamps from throughout the Western Hemisphere and from Hong Kong, perhaps influenced again by his mother. Many of Sara Roosevelt's  stamps came from the Far East, because her father often traveled to that part of the world. Later in life, Franklin acquired his mother’s collection as a gift from her younger brother.

When FDR was a child, stamp collecting was considered a pastime for youngsters, not adults. But the future President never gave up the hobby, and as he became Governor of New York and then President, he brought visibility and cache to stamp collecting that captured the hearts of Americans. In addition it was a way for the President to relax.  In fact, when the public learned about President Roosevelt’s intense interest in collecting, they started sending him covers and stamps to augment his collection.

fdr_wiliamsburg_service_close-up_franklin-roosevelt-china-uss-williamsburg-plate-1STUNNING PIECE OF PRESIDENTIAL FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION  COLLECTION

As a child, F.D.R. used stamps to learn about the world. Instead of filling the pages of his stamp albums with items, he would position just one or two on a page and then add notes about the event or person portrayed on the stamp. Some historians believe this gave him knowledge and insight about international history and geography that strengthened his political capabilities in later years.

While Franklin D. Roosevelt collected many other items as President such as miniatures of dogs, donkeys and other animals, his main passion continued to be stamps. After taking office as President in 1933, Roosevelt discovered Herbert Hoover had also been a stamp collector, though not quite as passionate about it as FDR. But Roosevelt was happy to continue a tradition established by Hoover with staff at the Department of State. Interestingly envelopes from international communications were always sent to the Oval Office, so the President could look them over.

Like his predecessor, FDR added some of the stamps to his personal collection. The extras were packaged by his secretary and sent as presents to American children who had written letters to the President.

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FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT'S 1933 INAUGURATION DAY

Roosevelt’s former campaign manager, James A. Farley, became his first Postmaster General, and while Presidential tenure, Roosevelt helped design more than 200 stamps for the post office. Working with stamps also provided entertainment and respite while Franklin Roosevelt was convalescing after being stricken with polio, and he is well-known for having said, “I owe my life to my hobbies – especially stamp collecting.”

Because of Roosevelt’s widespread popularity, many nations around the world issued stamps depicting the American President. One, issued by Monaco in 1947, mistakenly showed a drawing of him with six fingers. An unusual circumstance!

In some ways, you could say Franklin D. Roosevelt single-handedly transformed stamp collecting from a children’s amusement to a scholarly and engaging hobby for all ages – a unique and enduring Presidential legacy.

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired pieces of official White House China from American Presidents ranging from President George Washington all the way up to President Bill Clinton. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical memorabilia has been his sole focus for more than three decades. His collection is, perhaps, the largest privately-owned collection of White House China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the button below.

ATTN: COLLECTORS OR RETIRED LENOX, PICKARD,  CASTLETON, TIFFANY, WEDGWOOD,  AND WHITE HOUSE EMPLOYEES.  SELL YOUR WHITE HOUSE CHINA.

 

Tags: Franklin D. Roosevelt

ONE OF AMERICA'S GREATEST PRESIDENTS - Theodore Roosevelt 1858 –1919

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Jan 23, 2014 @ 08:01 AM

President Theodore Roosevelt

ONE OF AMERICA'S MOST COMPETENT PRESIDENTS  THEODORE ROOSEVELT

Teddy Roosevelt had overcome many difficult circumstances in his lifetime. When President McKinley was assassinated in September of 1901, he felt he was well-prepared for the challenges he would face as the nation’s commander in chief.

Although young TR had been raised by a wealthy, well-connected family in New York, he was personally burdened with poor health. Because he suffered from asthma, he did not attend school but was instead educated at home by tutors and his parents. This allowed him to delve deep into studies of the natural world. He was reported to have had a photographic memory and a great love for books. In fact, he would later author more than 35 books himself.

Young Theodore Roosevelt

A YOUTHFUL AND DETERMINDED THEODORE ROOSEVELT  AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY

His passion for nature led him to Harvard University, where he studied biology. He graduated magna cum laude in 1880. Although he entered Columbia Law School, he left to pursue a post with the New York Assembly. He was elected to represent the New York County 21st District from 1881 to 1884.  Coincidently, Columbia awarded him a law degree in 2008 posthumously, as a member of the class of 1882. In 1901, Yale University awarded Roosevelt an honorary doctorate in law.

On his 22nd birthday, Roosevelt married Alice Hathaway Lee. Their daughter Alice Lee Roosevelt was born in February of 1884. Tragically, Roosevelt’s wife passed away two days later on Valentine’s Day exactly 4 years after they had publicly announced their engagement. Her illness had been masked by her pregnancy and had advanced to kidney failure. On the same day, in the same home Roosevelt’s mother passed away from Typhoid fever.

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THEODORE ROOSEVELT - ROUGH RIDER OF SAN JUAN HILL

It is hard to imagine how anyone could cope with such tragic circumstances especially considering that Roosevelt had formerly lost his father in 1878 while studying at Harvard. He abandoned his political ambitions for the moment and left his newborn daughter, Alice Roosevelt,  in the care of his sister, Anna Roosevelt. He spent the following years living as a rancher in the Dakota badlands. Perhaps gaining first-hand experience of the great outdoors assisted him in regaining his internal motivation and move past this difficult period.

In 1885 T.R. built a home on Long Island, New York. On a visit to London in early December of 1886, Roosevelt married Edith Kermit Carow whom he had known since childhood. Together they raised Roosevelt’s daughter Alice Lee Roosevelt, and five children of their own: Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III, Kermit Roosevelt, Ethel Carow Roosevelt, Archibald Bulloch "Archie" Roosevelt, and Quentin Roosevelt.

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PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT AND HIS HIGHLY ENERGIZED FAMILY- MINUS ALICE ROOSEVELT

Roosevelt began working for the federal government and served in the US Civil Service Commission from 1888 to 1895. In 1895, he became president of the board of New York City Police Commissioners. Roosevelt was very successful in his efforts to reform the police department and providing them with proper support. Having established his reputation in these two roles, President William McKinley appointed Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1897 to boost the limited effectiveness of the sitting Secretary of the Navy.

In 1898, at the beginning of the Spanish-American War, Roosevelt resigned from the Department of the Navy to form the First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment (a.k.a. the Rough Riders) who fought in Cuba. In 2001, Roosevelt was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for “For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty” at San Juan Hill in 1898. He was the only President of the United States to be awarded America's highest military honor to date.

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THEODORE ROOSEVELT AS A ROUGH RIDER DURING THE 1898 SPANISH AMERICAN WAR

After returning to the U.S. a war hero, Roosevelt was able to capture the popular vote in the New York gubernatorial election of 1898.  This victory was followed by his nomination for vice president in President William McKinley’s reelection campaign after the death of Vice President Garret Hobart.

As fate would have it, on September 6, 1901, President McKinley was shot and, at the young age of 42, Theodore Roosevelt became the youngest President in US history. Building on the momentum he had established in previous government roles, Roosevelt was determined to be an active reformer, providing citizens with a “Square Deal” under his leadership. He is memorialized for appointing 75 federal judges including 3 Supreme Court judges.  In 1906 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating an end to the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). He chose not to run for another term in 1908, and instead spent more than a year on expedition in Africa.

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THE IRREPRESSIBLE THEODORE ROOSEVELT ON SAFARI

Although Roosevelt survived an assignation attempt in 1912, his trip to the Amazon jungle in 1913-1914 was said to have led to a worsining his health. A minor leg wound turned into tropical fever that caused delirium and a loss of more than 50 pounds. He never fully regained his strength and stamina. In 1919, at the aage of only 61,  T.R. died in his sleep at home. He was survived by his sisters Corinne and Anne, his wife Edith, five children and eight grandchildren. His son Quentin had been lost at war in 1918.

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is an American collector of museum-quality historical artifacts. For more than 30 years he has dedicated his life to buying, selling and trading authentic pieces for the benefit of his world-renowned collection. Among Mr. Amyx's many treasures are several items that were owned by President Theodore Roosevelt and others that bear his original signature. If you would like to open a confidential dialog with Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, about historical memorabilia, please inquire below.

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 HISTORIAN & COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

 

 

 

 

Tags: Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt

Through The Tough Times: Remembering FDR and The Great Depression

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Jan 24, 2013 @ 12:39 PM

In November 1936, one-third of the nation went to the polls to re-elect a man many called "The Boss",  to a second term in office. On January 20th, 1937, when FDR was inaugurated for his second term during one of the worst crises in U.S. history, "The Champ" proclaimed: "Today we reconsecrate our country to long cherished ideals in a suddenly changed civilization. In every land there are always at work forces that drive men apart and forces that draw men together. In our personal ambitions we are individualists. But in our seeking for economic and political progress as a nation, we all go up, or else we all go down, as one people." Neither from the working or lower classes, but from a disciplined and strict upbringing in late-1800's New York, so spoke Franklin DeLeno Roosevelt, who, through his political acumen and his understanding of how to use media to support his causes and policies, became an advocate to what was then known as "the forgotten man".

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FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT ON MARCH 3, 1933 - INAUGURATION DAY - WEARING FORMAL TOP HAT NOW IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

The Great Depression had devastating effects on the developing United States, on industries, in culture, and within families. Cities all across the country were hit hard, especially those dependent on heavy industry. Until Roosevelt's first New Deal programs, such as the Public Works Administration and the Federal Emergency Relief Act, were enacted, employment was virtually halted in many industries.

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A COMMON SIGHT FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAW DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION - MEN AND WOMEN FACING NO WORK AND HARD TIMES STAND IN LINE FOR COMMODITY SURPLUSES

Farming and rural areas suffered greatly as crop prices fell by 40 to 60 percent. Facing plummeting demand with few alternate sources of jobs, areas dependent on primary sector industries such as farming, mining and logging suffered the most. Even shortly after the Wall Street Crash of 1929, optimism persisted. It was John D. Rockefeller, who at the time said: “These are days when many are discouraged. In the 93 years of my life, depressions have come and gone. Prosperity has always returned and will again."

FDR 1933 INAUGUARATION|FDR HAT|THE RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION|FDR IN LIMOUSINE WITH PRESIDENT HERBERT HOOVER ON THE WAY TO CAPITOL FOR 1933 SWEARING IN - FDR HOLDS TOP HAT HE WORE THAT DAY - NOW IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

Yet many people during that time, and some historians today, believed that it was President Franklin Roosevelt who brought what is now argued as a situationally necessary expansion of the federal government, as well as a style of leadership, disposition, and temperament which inspired people in such desperate times. While the effects of his policies and the precedent they set for the federal government's role are still today under debate, Roosevelt left a remarkably positive impression on Americans during that time.

FDR|FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT|FDR CIGARETTE HOLDER|PRESIDENT FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT - FDR'S FAMOUS CIGARETTE HOLDER - NOW IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX AMERICANA COLLECTION

A man of contagious joy, unstoppable enthusiasm, and relentless bipartisanship and coordinative action, he reminded politicians, labor bosses, and everyday Americans of the absolutely necessity of mutual problem-solving and never giving up. Even his 'fireside chats' created an unusually close relationship with the public, speaking directly to the American people as if they were close friends. These chats were crucial to building support for the New Deal and, later, to mobilizing the nation for World War II.

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EVERY ABLE-BODIED MAN AGED 18 OR OVER - RECRUITERS FACILITATING THE DRAFT FOR WORLD WAR II - ROOSEVELTS FIRESIDE CHATS HELPED AMERICANS ACCEPT U.S. INVOLVMENT

 

Many Americans came to feel like they were partners in their government with a man whose warm and understanding voice came right into their living rooms. As one businessman later said, "My mother looks upon the President as someone so immediately concerned with her problems and difficulties that she would not be surprised to see him come over for dinner one evening."

 

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FDR IN PRESIDENTIAL LIMOUSINE - WEARING ONE OF HIS FAMOUS CAPES - THIS CAPE IS NOW IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX AMERICANA COLLECTION

When Roosevelt was just 39 years old, he was stricken with polio, becoming paralyzed for the rest of his life. This tragedy, in the eyes of the American public, came to exemplify a much-needed inspirational reality that physical disabilities are not a barrier to personal achievement. He worked very hard to regain his health and strength, and also demonstrate that to the public through his clever use of the media, often only allowing himself to be seen in public with a cane or walker rather than his wheelchair. In one instance he embarked on a family sailing trip up the eastern coast, with photographers and reporters aboard, to show his capability, strength, and desire to lead and rule. Many believe that his struggle with polio helped give him the empathy and strength needed to help the American people overcome the Great Depression and succeed in World War II.

FDR CAMPAIGN TRAIN IMAGE 2  8 10 09THE EFFERFESCENT FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT - WITH SON JIMMY ROOSEVELT - ON THE CAMPAING TRAIL - AN INSPIRATION TO MEGA MILLIONS OF AMERICANS

Like many presidents, he never got the chance to see the peaceful prosperity that he worked to create. The cumulative effects of polio on his body, the stress of political life, and constant cigarette-smoking finally took their toll on April 12th, 1945. One month earlier he traveled to his preferred "resort",  in Warm Springs, Georgia, to rest and recuperate; but an unexpected, massive brain hemorrhage took his life at the age of only 63. Serving the longest in office (12 plus years) than any other president, overseeing the worst U.S. financial crises in America's entire history, and cautiously but definitively engaging in a World War that could have become far worse than it did, FDR left us one of the most memorable presidential legacies. He expanded the power of the presidency, created new agencies that transformed the federal government and, in the process, transformed its relationship to American citizens. Many consider him to be one of the Greatest Presidents in history, alongside the likes of Lincoln and Washington.

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Tags: World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt

STRAIGHT FROM THE OVAL OFFICE DESK OF FDR - DEMOCRATIC DONKEY OF FDR

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Mon, Nov 14, 2011 @ 03:13 PM

FDR'S WHITE DEMOCRATIC DONKEY FROM THE PRESIDENT'S OVAL OFFICE DESK - A RELIC OF SUPREME HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE

This important Historical relic was presented to Toi Marya Bachelder (Pictured Waving below), who served FDR as one of his primary Secretaries from 1933 to 1945. Toi, a Polio Victim, first met the future President at Warm Springs, Georgia when she was only 14. Over the years FDR and Toi  became trusted friends.


TOI BACHELDER,FDR SECRETARY,WHITE HOUSE MEMORABILIA,PRESIDENTIAL MEMORABILIA,RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION,TOI BACHELDER WITH HER FRIEND AND BOSS - F.D.R.

Young Toi had been selected as one of the First 25 Test Patients at the newly designated Warm Springs Polio Foundation. All of the first 25 Children that were Polio Victims, mixed socially with the future President many times before he became President of the United States. FDR was particularly fond of Toi and she was the only one of 25 youthful Polio victims who was later invited to work alongside President Roosevelt, at The White House. These important Historical items were presented to Toi Marya Bachelder, who Served FDR as one of his primary Secretaries from 1933 to 1945. Shortly after the President's death on April 12, 1945, the First lady, Eleanor Roosevelt thoughtfully presented several important  pieces of personal property of the President's to favored FDR personages. And there were few so favorably chosen.

fdr democratic donkey|fdr's democratic donkey,presidential memorabilia|white house memorabilia|presidential memorabilia|the raleigh degeer amyx collection|raleigh degeer amyx|the american heritage collection|FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT'S OVAL OFFICE DESK DEMOCRATIC DONKEY

In the early 1980's, Toi Bachelder  invited her close friend,  Raleigh DeGeer Amyx and his family to go with her,  for what was to be her last visit to Warm Springs, Georgia. It was there that Ms. Bachelder introduced Mr. Amyx to several of those that  had served The President while he was residing in Warm Springs at "The Little White House" - "FDR's Cottage". It was there that President Roosevelt spent  many days passionately attempting to regain his health and vigor.

FDR'S HO TOI|TOI BACHELDER|FDR OVAL OFFICE DESK|PRESIDENTIAL MEMORABILIA|WHITE HOUSE MEMORABILIA|THE RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION|THE AMERICAN HERITAGE COLLECTION|RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX|STRAIGHT FROM THE OVAL OFFICE DESK OF FDR - "HOI TOI" AS THE PRESIDENT WOULD SAY

Years later Toi Bachelder shared, with her friend Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, a number of personal Historical Relics that were owned and used by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. And that included the President's three "Ho Toi" figurines, as well as FDR's White Democratic Donkey, which the President often kept right in front of him on his cluttered Oval Office desk.

FDR OVAL OFFIC,OVAL OFFICE DESK,FDRS DEMOCRATIC DONKEY,FDRS HO TOI,PRESIDENTIAL MEMORABILA,THE RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION,F.D.R.'S WHITE DONKEY ON RIGHT FRONT OF DESK WITH HEAD OF "HO-TOI" VISIBLE, DIRECTLY BEHIND DONKEY (BOTH ARE PICTURED ON FDR'S DESK ABOVE)

Toi Bachelder and Raleigh DeGeer Amyx were fast friends and often together for luncheons or visits between Toi's Washington D.C. home and Mr. and Mrs. Amyx's nearby Virginia home. These Rare pieces are presently, as they have been for over a quarter of a century, in The American Heritage Collection (a.k.a.) The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection. In the near future all will be shared with an Institution or another collector of note.

RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX|TOI BACHELDER|WHITE HOUSE MEMORABILIA|PRESIDENTIAL MEMORABILIA|THE RALEIGH DEGEER MYX COLLECTION|WHITE HOUSE MEMORABILIA|RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX - WITH HIS DEAR FRIEND TOI BACHELDER - ON THE WAY TO F.D.R.'S WARM SPRINGS, GEORGIA - 1984

THE RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION|THE AMERICAN HERITAGE COLLECTION|PRESIDENTIAL MEMORABILIA|WHITE HOUSE MEMORABILIA|WHITE HOUSE CHINA|

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Tags: Presidential Memorabilia, White House Memorabilia, Franklin D. Roosevelt

SHIRLEY TEMPLE - SIGNS PHOTO FOR FIRST LADY ELEANOR ROOSEVELT

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Sat, Oct 01, 2011 @ 12:39 PM

ELEANOR ROOSEVELT PHOTO|THE RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION|
ELEANOR ROOSEVELT - THE GREATEST LADY OF THE 20TH CENTURY
This Personally Owned Framed Autographed item below is Unique - This splendid piece links links Two of the Greatest Female Personalities of 20th Century American History - First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and the Legendary film star Shirley Temple.

SHIRELY TEMPLE PHOTO|THE RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION|THE AMERICAN HERITAGE COLLECTION|ONE OF THE MOST CAPTIVATING FILM STARS OF THE 20TH CENTURY

According to Shirley Temple's Own Autobiography, entitled "Childs' Star" (1988), Miss Temple Indicates that the below Photograph was Taken as the she and The First Lady were sitting together, during the Special Viewing of her Latest (1938) Film, "Little Miss Broadway". Thoughtfully, Shirley Temple later inscribed this appealing piece, "To Mrs. Roosevelt - Love from your friend - Shirley Temple".

ELEANOR ROOSEVELT|SHIRLEY TEMPLE|SIGNED PHOTO SHIRLEY TEMPLE|THE RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION|
"TO MRS. ROOSEVELT, LOVE FROM YOUR FRIEND,
SHIRLEY TEMPLE"
Following the receipt, from Shirley Temple, of this personally autographed piece, Mrs. Roosevelt had it promptly framed and displayed within The White House. Later the simple black frame was removed and it was re-framed with purple suede matting and a stunning ornate gilt frame.  Now, this same spectacular piece is in The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection, although in the near future it may be shared with an institution or another noted collector.

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SHIRLEY TEMPLE EXUDES CHARM IN SPADES
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Tags: Shirley Temple, Franklin D. Roosevelt

FDR'S OWN HOLY BIBLE -ONE OF FDR'S RAREST PERSONAL POSSESSION'S FOUND

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Fri, Aug 19, 2011 @ 07:20 AM

Whatever happened to FDR's Holy Bible from World War II?  Well, this is a Relic of the Highest Magnitude in that it was a personal possession of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.  Not only that, F.D.R. had taken the time to include his own Personal Bookplate, which he attached to the inside cover.

fdr's holy bibleTHE HOLY BIBLE OF PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT - MONOGRAMMED IN GOLD WITH F.D.R.'S NAME AS WELL AS THE DATE OF JULY 25, 1942 - ILLUSTRATED AT RIGHT IS F.D.R.'S PERSONAL BOOKPLATE.

Shown above is President Roosevelt's Holy Bible with FDR'S own name, " Franklin D. Roosevelt", Monogrammed in Gold with an Imposing World War II Date of 1942.

PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELTF.D.R. SHORTLY BEFORE HIS PASSING AWAY IN WARM SPRINGS, GEORGIA ON APRIL 12, 1945

Shortly after the President suddenly passed away on April 12, 1945, while in Warm Springs, Georgia, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, directed that a few favored few White House Staff Members be Summoned. This Pesonal Invitation included longtime employee, Lillian Rogers Parks. She walked into the Executive Mansion bedroom.  Some of FDR's personal effects have been carefully laid out on the bed by the First Lady.  Mrs. Roosevelt said, "take what you want now; because the rest is going to Hyde Park and you will never ever have another chance".

 lillian rogers parks and fdr's bibleTRUSTED WHITE HOUSE EMPLOYEE, LILLIAN ROGERS PARKS WITH FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S VERY OWN 1942 HOLY BIBLE

Among other things, Lillian Rogers Parks, a favored Maid and Seamstress of 12 F.D.R's White House years, was given FDR's Holy Bible.  On April 12, 1983, (42 years later to the day), Mrs. Parks (pictured below holding F.D.R.'s Holy Bible) presented it to The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection (AKA) The American Heritage Collection--accompanied with detailed written Provenance of the Highest Order. Lillian Rogers Parks and Mr. Amyx were close friends over a period of many years.  Mrs. Parks had served at The White House for a total 30 years......through the entire Administrations of President's Herbert Hoover, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman and Dwight David Eisenhower. 

fdr in moment of reflectionF.D.R. - AT HIS HYDE PARK HOME  -  THE PRESIDENT IN A MOMENT OF REFLECTION

Prior to that, Lillian Rogers Parks' Mother, Maggie Rogers, had served at the White House during the Administrations of President Taft, Harding, Coolidge, Hoover and Roosevelt.  When Lillian Rogers Parks passed away at the age of 101, Raleigh DeGeer Amyx was asked to be a Pallbearer at her Funeral. It was the final parting of two dear friends....Parks and Amyx.

While this rare personal possession of President Franklin D. Roosevelt (his own Holy Bible) is in the current Collection of Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, where it has been for nearly 30 years, the time is coming when it must be shared with an Institution or another Colllector of note. It is important that a piece of such historic merit be protected for future Generations of Americans.

raleigh degeer amyx|the raleigh degeer amyc collection|the american heritage collection|HISTORIAN & COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX - RESEARCH LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 2010


 


Tags: Presidential Memorabilia, White House Memorabilia, Franklin D. Roosevelt

THEODORE ROOSEVELT'S-SILVER CARD CASE- COLLECTION-RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Wed, Jul 06, 2011 @ 02:47 PM

Featured is the Exquisite 1902 Sterling Silver Case of President Theodore Roosevelt. It is Monogrammed "T.R. 1902", in the Center Circle. The Case of the President's is Ornate and of Elegant Design.

THEODORE ROOSEVELT|THEODORE ROOSEVELT CASE|PRESIDENTIAL MEMORABILIA|WHITE HOUSE MEMORABILIA|RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX COLLECTION|THE AMERICAN HERITAGE COLLECTION|ORNATE WITH ELEGANT SCROLL LIKE DESIGN IS THE MONOGRAMMED STERLING SILVER CARD CASE OF PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT

Theodore Roosevelt is considered to be, by all respected Historians, one of America's Greatest Presidents. This Stunning Silver Case was presented to Raleigh Degeer Amyx  nearly 25 years ago, via a White House Employee, Lillian Rogers Parks. She had a Mother, Maggie Rogers that also served at The Executive Mansion for many years.

maggie rogers|white house maid|lillian rogers parks|raleigh degeer amyx|MAGGIE ROGERS - FIRST MAID OF THE WHITE HOUSE - WEARING AN ELEGANT SOLVERINO VELVET DRESS WITH PLUME HAT - THE DRESS HAD BEEN OWNED BY FIRST LADY NELLIE TAFT & SHE GIFTED IT TO MRS. ROGERS

These Important Ladies - Maggie Rogers & Lillian Rogers Parks - began their White House Service about 100 years ago. Each Lady served at The White House for 30 years plus, making their combined total Service at The Executive Mansion just a bit over 60 years.

 

theodore roosevelt|presidential memorabilia|white house memorabilia|the raleigh degeer amyx collection|the american heritage collection|the raleigh degeer amyx collection|

THEODORE ROOSEVELT - AN AGRESSIVE PRESIDENT - NOT LIKELY TO FEAR CHANGE - T.R. SEEMED TO HAVE AN INNER COMPASS OF CONFIDENCE THAT HELD HIM IN VERY GOOD STEAD

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Tags: Presidential Memorabilia, The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection, White House Memorabilia, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt

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