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How Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points Still Impacts the World Today

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Jan 08, 2015 @ 12:30 PM

Thomas Woodrow Wilson served two terms as our 23rd President, his second term including the entirety of World War I. One of President Wilson’s most famous accomplishments – if not his most successful – was creation of his Fourteen Points that helped bring an end to the war.

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WOODROW WILSON AND WIFE FIRST LADY EDITH WILSON

Of the Fourteen Points, eight identified specific actions Wilson felt would assure future sovereignty and self-rule for Russia, Belgium, France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, the Balkan States, Poland and Turkey. President Wilson asserted there should be no more secret agreements among countries, free navigation of all seas, an end to economic barriers between countries and a universal reduction in the number of weapons.

His final point called for creation of a League of Nations that would assure “political and territorial independence of all states.”

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WOODROW WILSON'S FINE WHITE HOUSE CHINA PLATE

With the easy perspective of historical hindsight, we know President Wilson’s Fourteen Points, however well-intended, were overly idealistic. Despite widely proclaimed initial verbal support, when it came time to formally end the war via the Treaty of Versailles, most of the points were omitted by foreign leaders anxious to retain their various colonial advantages and punish Germany as harshly as possible.

Many historians believe that Germany’s vengeful treatment under the Treaty of Versailles laid the groundwork for World War II.

Even here at home, President Wilson’s proposal for a League of Nations was not supported by Congress, which refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles. Many among the American public and its leaders were firmly in favor of isolationism, so they had no interest in joining an international peace-keeping organization.

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NEWSPAPER ARTICLE DISCUSSING WILSON'S 14 POINTS

However, President Wilson campaigned actively around the country in favor of his plan. During this effort, he suffered a stroke and was not able to continue his campaign with the same fervor. Some historians wonder if things would have turned out differently were his health not compromised.

President Wilson – and millions around the world – hoped the end of the war represented a new era in which peace would prevail. In announcing his Fourteen points, President Wilson said, “The day of conquest and aggrandizement is gone by; so is also the day of secret covenants entered into in the interest of particular governments and likely at some unlooked-for moment to upset the peace of the world.”

Although ignored by the United States, the League of Nations was formed and ultimately became the precursor for today’s United Nations. President Wilson’s vision of a “world made fit and safe to live in” may not yet be achieved, but he opened the door for a dialog about how nations could work together in support of peace, and that conversation continues to this day. And his Fourteen Points have left an indelible legacy in other areas. His ideas promoting abolition of secret treaties, freedom of the seas, free trade and concurrent international disarmament were all incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles and remain fundamental tenets of international law and commerce today.

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired pieces from President Benjamin Harrison and Caroline Scott Harrison’s official White House China Collection. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical memorabilia has been his sole focus for more than three decades. His collection is the second largest privately-owned collection of White House China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the button below.

BUY, SHARE, OR TRADE WHITE HOUSE CHINA AND PRESIDENTIAL CHINA

Tags: Woodrow Wilson

Was Edith Wilson Woodrow Wilson's First Lady....or Vice President?

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Fri, Dec 13, 2013 @ 03:00 PM

Edith Wilson (1872–1961) is often referred to as the first female president because of the important role she filled as First Lady of the United States from 1915-1921. The circumstances she faced had never before occurred during an American presidency. In October of 1919, President Wilson suffered a severe stroke and was incapacitated. To preserve his strength Mrs. Wilson screened all matters of state and only presented what she deemed critical issues to President Wilson from his bedside. This critical role kept the country afloat for the remaining two years of his term.

edith wilsonFIRST LADY EDITH GALT WILSON - PRESIDENTIAL ADVISOR AND CAREGIVER

Mrs. Wilson was very proud of her southern heritage. She had grown up in Wytheville, Virginia and was the seventh of William Bolling’s eleven children. Mr. Bolling had welcomed many extended family members into his home – two grandmothers, several aunts, and cousins. Why? Because some of the women had unfortunately  lost their husbands at war.

People often say that everything happens for a reason. While not every first lady could take the reins when her husband fell ill, Mrs. Wilson was very capable because she had been prepared for this moment during her upbringing. Her paternal grandmother was paralyzed and confined to a bed. Young Edith Galt had been tasked with her care and in return, her grandmother guided her character development and gave her an eclectic education which was largely supplemented by her father. Later in life, Edith Galt Wilson also cared for her ailing mother.

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PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON AND EDITH GALT WILSON ON THEIR DECEMBER 18TH, 1915 WEDDING DAY

Before Mrs. Wilson married Woodrow Wilson, she had been married for 12 years to Norman Galt, a well-known and successful jeweler in Washington D.C. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in 1908. Edith Galt was introduced to President Wilson while he was in office, shortly after his first wife, Ellen Wilson, passed away. Although they got along well from the beginning, they waited until the anniversary of Ellen Wilson’s death had passed before they married, respecting the traditional year of mourning. On December 18, 1915, they became husband and wife.

From the beginning Mrs. Wilson was a very active first lady. She dedicated her life to supporting President Wilson’s efforts. This role became much more significant when President Wilson suffered a severe stroke that left him paralyzed on one side. From that point forward, Mrs. Wilson managed every aspect of his life. She decided all matters of public affairs and only concerned President Wilson with very important decisions.  In fact, instead of asking for the assistance of Vice President Marshall, or any other major cabinet member, the First Lady distributed non-critical matters to department heads herself.

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FIRST LADY EDITH WILSON ASSISTED PRESIDENT WILSON IN ALL HIS OFFICIAL DUTIES

Mrs. Wilson continued to care for President Wilson in their Washington D.C. home, no more than one mile from the White House, after he left office and until his death in 1924. Edith Wilson continued to be active in the Washington political and social arena until she succumbed to heart failure in 1961 at age 89, on the same day that would have been President Wilson’s 105th birthday.

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ELEGANT EMBROIDERED SILK PIECE OWNED BY FIRST LADY EDITH WILSON

Many Americans enjoy collecting artifacts that commemorate the accomplishments and private lives of historical figures such as First Lady Edith Wilson. Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent a quarter of a century collecting museum-quality historical artifacts. Many of his treasures include items owned by American presidents and first ladies.

woodrow wilson typewriter brush 1THE STERLING SILVER TYPEWRITER BRUSH OWNED BY PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON

Mr. Amyx is proud to own a handmade linen bag that had been given as a gift to Maggie Rogers, the First Maid who served the Wilson's in The White House. Made from silk, the item features an eagle grasping an American flag. Because women were advocating for the right to vote at the time, there was some concern that that this gift may interpreted as a pro-suffrage gesture. Mr. Amyx acquired the piece directly from Lillian Rogers Parks, perhaps the most famous maid in the history of the White House ( from 1929-1960), and who was the daughter of Maggie Rogers. The President's personal typewriter brush, which he often used in the White House, was also acquired directy from Lillian Rogers Parks.

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COLLECTOR OF AMERICAN HISTORICAL MEMORABILIA - RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX

If you would like to open a confidential discussion about buying, selling, or trading museum-quality historical artifacts, please contact Mr. Raleigh DeGeer Amyx.

 

SELECT PRESIDENTIAL ITEMS TO BE OFFERED

Tags: Presidential Memorabilia, Woodrow Wilson, The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection

WHITE HOUSE CHINA - SERVICE PLATE OF WOODROW WILSON FINALLY LOCATED

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Wed, Jan 26, 2011 @ 11:01 AM

Recently, a very select number of pieces of Official White House China have been located. In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson; in conjunction with the First Lady, selected and acquired, perhaps one of the Top 5 most popular examples  of White House China. The Wilson pieces represent, Executive Mansion Elegance.....at its total best.

WOODROW WILSON OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE CHINASTUNNING OFFICIAL 1918 WHITE HOUSE CHINA OF PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON

It pleases us to share an example of this elegance.  The 1918 Wilson State Dinner Service Plates came in two sizes (11.125" and 11.75").  The Woodrow Wilson China was manufactured by Lenox, of Trenton, New Jersey.  For the first time, the White House had its Official China manufactured in the United States of America. By 1918, it had been fifteen years since any President or First Lady had ordered State Service; and that was when it was purchased by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1903.

GILT PRESIDENTIAL SEAL VERSO WOODROW WILSON CHINATHIS GILT PRESIDENTIAL ARMS APPEARS IN THE CENTER OF SERVICE PLATE OF PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON

As it turned out the Wilson service was later received by other Administrations in a totally positive vein.  In fact, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover and even William Jefferson Clinton ordered additional pieces of this exact same design. They felt it important to update this elegant pattern, in order to serve a larger number of White House guests, as well is to replace pieces due to chips or breakage over a period of many years.

WOODROW WILSON AND EDITH GAT WILSON OVAL OFFICE DESKWOODROW WILSON AND EDITH GALT WILSON AT WORK IN THE WHITE HOUSE

The stunning piece featured above is now in the Collection of Raleigh DeGeer Amyx.  His Official White House China Collection now ranks in the Top 2 privately held collections in the world. Other items in The American Heritage Collection AKA The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection, have previously been loaned to Presidential Libraries as well as to non-profit entities of note.

raleigh degeer amyx in library in 2010RALEIGH  DEGEER  AMYX IN LIBRARY IN 2010

 





Tags: Woodrow Wilson, White House China, The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection, The American Heritage Collection, Theodore Roosevelt, Herbert Hoover, Calvin Coolidge

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