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President Benjamin Harrison - Grandson of a President

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Dec 11, 2014 @ 08:00 AM

Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd President of the United States, was not the first government official in his distinguished family. His father, John Scott Harrison, served in the United States House of Representatives, his grandfather was the 9th President of the United States, William Henry Harrison, and his great-grandfather, Colonel Benjamin Harrison V, was among the Continental Congress delegates who signed the Declaration of Independence.

Either by design or by choice, Benjamin Harrison pursued no other ambition as strongly as his desire to contribute to the growth of our young nation.  He developed an effective public speaking style early on which served him well in law and as a Union brevet brigadier general in the Civil War. Harrison’s political career began with his election to Indianapolis city attorney in 1857. Later Benjamin Harrison ran unsuccessfully for Indiana governor and was appointed to the United States Senate where he served from 1881 to 1887.

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BENJAMIN HARRISON - OUR 23RD PRESIDENT

Harrison proposed to Caroline Scott shortly after college. They married in 1853 and had two children, Russell Benjamin Harrison and Mary Scott Harrison. Mrs. Harrison was very outgoing and thoroughly enjoyed the entertainment opportunities that came with public life. It has been reported that she was the first to put up a Christmas tree at the White House.

During the presidential campaign of 1888, Benjamin Harrison and his opponent, incumbent President Grover Cleveland, used front porch receptions to communicate their campaign message to delegations and press reporters. This strategy proved very effective. Party organizers spread their message on their behalf. Although Harrison beat Cleveland in Electoral College votes, Cleveland won the popular vote. It was alleged that New York Electoral College Delegates had been bribed by Harrison supporters.

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WHITE HOUSE CHINA CHOSEN BY FIRST LADY CAROLINE SCOTT HARRISON - ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

Of the many things that Benjamin Harrison achieved in office, he is often remembered for:

  • Contributing to America’s role as world leader by establishing the first Pan American Congress in 1889. This later became the Pan American Union.
  • Responding to an incident involving an assault on American sailors by threatening military action on Chile. To resolve the conflict peacefully, Chile apologized and paid the US a sum of $75,000.
  • Creating national forests with the Land Revision Act of 1891, the first of which was Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.
  • Designating Ellis Island in the New York Harbor as the official entry point of immigrants entering the United States during a time of significant population growth.
  • Limiting the power of American corporations by supporting the Sherman Antitrust Act.
  • Protecting and extending the rights of African Americans such as securing voting rights in the South. President Harrison also appointed Frederick Douglass as minister to Haiti.
  • Standing up to Great Britain and Canada on the matter of overharvesting of fur seals in the Bering Sea.
  • Supporting the highest protective tariff in the nation's history, via the McKinley Tariff of 1890 which raised rates nearly 50% and gave the President power to negotiate foreign trade without congressional approval.
  • Lobbying for the passage of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 which required the US Treasury to either purchase 4.5 million ounces of silver at market price or the entire output of the nation's mines every month.
  • Appropriating bills that exceeded one billion dollars, the first time that had occurred during peacetime.
  • Sending federal troops to the Battle of Wounded Knee in a dispute with the Sioux Indians - to this day a horrendous result.
  • Expanding the borders of the United States more than any previous administration with the addition of Montana, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, and the Dakotas.

Unlike many of his predecessors, President Benjamin Harrison had accomplished many different objectives while in office. Because some of his initiatives had been perceived to contribute to the nation’s unfavorable economic condition, it was not difficult for his opponent, former President Grover Cleveland, to claim a landslide victory over him in the election of 1892 when the Democratic Party had claimed presidency and a majority in both houses of Congress. The magnitude of Harrison’s loss was attributed, to some degree, to his focus on his wife who was critically ill and died in the following months. After leaving office, Benjamin Harrison spent the next decade as a respected statesman and public speaker before he passed away in 1901 from pneumonia.

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired pieces from President Benjamin Harrison and Caroline Scott Harrison’s official White House China Collection. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical memorabilia has been his sole focus for more than three decades. His collection is the second largest privately-owned collection of White House China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the button below.

Tags: WHITE HOUSE CHINA, Benjamin Harrison

Rutherford B Hayes: A 19th-Century President of Firsts

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Dec 04, 2014 @ 08:00 AM

Rutherford B. Hayes was our 19th president. Although for many people he is one of our lesser-known leaders, he was in fact a president of many “firsts.”

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19TH PRESIDENT RUTHERFORD B. HAYES

Born in Ohio in 1822, Hayes graduated from Kenyon College as valedictorian of his class, then went on to Harvard Law School, graduating in 1845. He married Lucy Webb in 1852. She became the first presidential wife to have graduated from college and the first to be called “First Lady.”

A Republican and opposed to slavery, Hayes fought for the Union in the Civil War and was wounded four times, at least once very severely. While still serving in the Army, he was nominated and elected to Congress, essentially in absentia, since he refused to leave to campaign for office, saying “an officer fit for duty who at this crisis would abandon his post to electioneer…ought to be scalped.” He didn’t take his seat in the House until after the war ended.

Within two years, he was elected Governor of Ohio, and was starting his third term in 1876 when he was nominated to run for President against New York Governor Samuel J. Tilden. Many Republican luminaries including Mark Twain campaigned for him, but Hayes did not think he would win. In the end, the election outcome was hotly contested -- a precursor to modern-day controversy about popular votes versus electoral votes.

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WHITE HOUSE CHINA OF RUTHERFORD B. HAYES - FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

As it came down to the wire, Tilden had amassed more popular votes than Hayes, along with 185 electoral votes. However, results in three states were under dispute, and together they represented enough electoral votes to push Hayes over the top by one vote. As it turned out, the Electoral Commission which eventually settled the dispute was composed of eight Republicans and seven Democrats. They voted on party lines, giving Hayes that winning vote.

To this day, Hayes remains the only president whose election was decided by the Electoral Commission. As a result, he became the first president to take the oath of office in the White House, doing so in secret because of the tension generated by his election.

As President, Hayes was a strong proponent of education. He also promised to protect the rights of newly-freed African-Americans in southern states. When Congress eliminated funding for troops stationed at southern statehouses and the troops were recalled, he tried to work with southern leaders to continue the protections he had promised, but with only mixed results.

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PRESIDENT RUTHERFORD B. HAYES AND FIRST LADY LUCY WEBB HAYES

Hayes implemented civil service reforms to end patronage, and for his own appointments chose men based on their qualifications for the position. His presidency brought the telephone and typewriter into the White House, and he was the first sitting president to visit the west coast. He started the famous Easter Egg Roll which still takes place every year on the Monday following Easter, and he signed into law important legislation that enabled women attorneys to appear before the U.S. Supreme Court.

Rutherford Hayes served just one term as President, something he had promised the nation up front, and retired in 1881 to his home in Fremont, Ohio. From there, he continued to practice his well-known philosophy, “he serves his party best who serves his country best,” focusing on promoting universal education, improving prison conditions and assisting veterans to receive their pensions. He passed away at the age of 70, in 1893.

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

World renowned collector Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has acquired pieces from President Benjamin Harrison and Caroline Scott Harrison’s official White House China Collection. Mr. Amyx’s passion for American historical memorabilia has been his sole focus for more than three decades. His collection is the second largest privately-owned collection of White House China in the world. If you would like to engage in a discussion with Mr. Amyx about White House China, please contact him through the form below.

Tags: WHITE HOUSE CHINA, Rutherford B. Hayes

America's 5th President - James Monroe

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Nov 13, 2014 @ 04:30 PM

President James Monroe was the 5th President and the last of the founding fathers and so-called Virginia Dynasty. These men shaped the undisputed foundation of every law in the United States. Along with George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and John Adams, James Monroe worked tirelessly to affirm the very rights we take for granted but are unavailable to citizens of most any other nation.

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PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE (1758–1831)

James Monroe was built for public service. He tried his hand at farming; although this served his father well, he was unable to find satisfaction in the way he had with leadership in early government. First, Monroe was a major in the Continental Army where he sustained a nearly-fatal shoulder injury during the Battle of Trenton. After being appointed colonel in the Virginia service, Monroe won a congressional election, then was appointed to the U.S. Senate. Under President Washington and President Jefferson, James Monroe was named US Minister to France and later served as U.S. minister to Britain and special envoy to Spain. Later, Monroe served multiple terms as governor of Virginia. Under President James Madison, Monroe served as Secretary of State and then Secretary of War. Monroe served two terms as president from 1817 to 1825. He honored the customary two-term limit recommended by George Washington and observed by James Madison.

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JAMES MONROE - LEADER IN CREATING THE MONROE DOCTRINE

Many may not realize that it was President James Monroe’s position statement that later became known as the Monroe Doctrine. On December 2, 1823, President James Monroe asserted leadership and threat of action toward any foreign government that may seek to colonize free and independent bodies in the Americas would be considered a hostile act toward the United States. This pillar of America is still very relevant in American foreign policy circles today.

The popular President James Madison did not seek re-election after the completion of his second term; his endorsement of James Monroe for president was quite significant. Monroe won the election of 1816 with ease and was completely uncontested for reelection in 1820. Although his presidency began with an “Era of Good Feelings” tour, the condition of the nation did not remain pleasant for long. The Panic of 1819 left the young nation devastated with widespread unemployment. The issue of slavery was hotly debated as Massachusetts, Maine, and Missouri were added to the union. Missouri was added into the union as a free state, which symbolized a denouncement of slavery, as it was barred to the north and west of the state from that point forward.

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JAMES MONROE WHITE HOUSE CHINA - DESSERT PLATE CIRCA 1820 - THE COLLECTION OF RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

After leaving office, President James Monroe and the First Lady Elizabeth Monroe retired to their home in Virginia. After his wife’s death, Monroe was absolutely devastated. After that, the former president lived with his daughter Eliza until he died on July 4, 1831. James Monroe was one of several presidents who passed away on the fourth of July.

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is a world-renowned collector who has spent his life in the company of world leaders and individuals. Mr. Amyx has had the pleasure of acquiring a vast collection of museum-quality historical memorabilia. His most prized possessions are found in his White House China Collection, including the White House china of President James Monroe. Mr. Amyx has the largest privately-owned collection anywhere in the world. To discuss American historical memorabilia with Mr. Amyx, please contact him through the button below.

Tags: presidential memorabilia

James Madison - A Founding Father who Shaped American Values

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Nov 06, 2014 @ 06:33 PM

James Madison was very successful in shaping that words that would become the values and legal protections that we most value as Americans. Although Madison began his career in the leadership of the Virginia Militia, and served in many legislative bodies, including the Presidency of the United States, his legacy is built upon his ability to persuade and lead men with the pen. It has been noted that Madison's exceptional sense of priorities and profound influence led him to be on the winning side of every important issue that the young nation faced during his entire career. From early on, James Madison Jr. was groomed to be a political leader. The oldest of 12 children, Madison received most of his formal education from a Virginia boarding school during his teen years. James Madison later attended the College of New Jersey, which later became Princeton University. His studies focused on history, government, ethics, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, science, philosophy, and law.

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JAMES MADISON - 4TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

A collaborator at heart, James Madison did not accept his nickname “Father of the Constitution”. In protest he proclaimed that he was one of many contributors who shaped the ideas that form the foundation of United States law. In addition to the Constitution, Madison also helped frame the Bill of Rights and early revenue legislation while serving in Congress.

Of the many concepts that Madison promoted, some of the most prominent were freedom of speech, freedom of religion, a speedy, public trial protection against unreasonable search and seizure, and forming a three-part government with executive, legislative, and judicial branches to provide a systems of checks and balances to avoid dominance of any one group.

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1 OF 29 REMAINING ORIGINAL PIECES OF WHITE HOUSE CHINA FROM JAMES MADISON'S COLLECTION - THE ABOVE IS FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

When James Madison was elected to be the 4th President of the United States in 1808, the young nation was struggling with import/export issues. The Embargo Act of 1807 was intended to neutralize trade disputes by forbidding trade with Great Britain and France, but instead it put the United States into economic disaster. This was the most pressing issue at hand when James Madison took office in 1808.

These world powers refused to comply with the terms of the legislation. In June of 1812, after the British seized American seamen and cargo, James Madison became the first president to declare war. But the young nation was ill-prepared for a military battle. The British seemed to have the upper hand as they marched on Washington, setting fire to the Capitol and the White House. It would seem a lost cause until a few pivotal battles were won, the most notable being a triumph in New Orleans, led by General Andrew Jackson. This ray of hope convinced the American public that the war effort had been successful.

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THE VERY POPULAR FIRST LADY - DOLLY MADISON

After completing two terms as President, Madison retired to his estate in Montpelier, Virginia with his wife Dolley Madison and her son. Madison continued to speak out about the challenges faced by the American leadership. The great man passed away at home in 1836 after suffering with liver dysfunction for several months. Even after his death, it is his words that are most pronounced. James Madison left behind this statement: “The advice nearest to my heart and deepest in my convictions is that the Union of the States be cherished and perpetuated. Let the open enemy be regarded as a Pandora with her box opened; and the disguised one, as the Serpent creeping with his deadly wiles into Paradise.”

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx is a world-renowned collector who has spent his life in the company of world leaders and individuals who, like James Madison, have shaped the world we live in. With a deep appreciation for American history, Mr. Amyx has had the pleasure of acquiring a vast collection of museum-quality historical memorabilia. His most prized possessions are found in his White House China Collection which is the largest privately-owned collection anywhere in the world. To discuss American historical memorabilia with Mr. Amyx, please contact him through the button below.

Tags: james madison

The Legend of Geronimo

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Oct 16, 2014 @ 06:37 PM

During the late 1800’s, as the United States extended its borders into Mexico, Native American tribes were struggling to survive. One of the most prominent leaders of that era was Geronimo, a Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache, who fought the United States and Mexican governments to protect tribal lands.

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GERONIMO - MIGHTY LEADER AND WARRIOR OF THE APACHE INDIANS

Geronimo was the fourth of eight children. He was born in No-Doyohn Canyon, Mexico (modern day New Mexico) in 1829. His grandfather had been chief. When he was very young, Geronimo’s father passed away after an extended illness. From that point forward, Geronimo assumed responsibility for supporting his mother and siblings. At age 17, when Geronimo had reached maturity, he was invited to be on the council of the warriors. This was considered to be a great honor and heightened his desire to become a highly-skilled warrior.

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GERONIMO THE GREAT DURING HIS FINAL YEARS

After proving himself capable, Geronimo was granted permission to marry Alope. Together they had three children and were happy together for a time. Later, when Geronimo was 29, he traveled with his tribe to a Mexican town for trade. At a stop along the way, a few women and children came to them and informed them that their camp had been attacked by Mexican troops and that many of their men, women, and children had been killed. The tribe returned to camp to find their entire families brutally massacred.

While suffering from the devastating loss, Geronimo followed the tradition of setting fire to his family’s home before heading into the wilderness to mourn. It was there that he reportedly heard a voice that told him that he would be protected from gunfire and that his war efforts would be divinely guided. This moment inspired Geronimo to begin the first battle of what would become more than a decade of attacks on the Mexican soldiers in revenge for the deaths of his tribe and family.

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A SIGNED PROGRAM FROM THE 1904 WORLD FAIR - FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION - THIS RARE HISTORICAL PIECE IS AVAILABLE NOW FOR $17,500

After the United States took possession of parts of Mexico in the Mexican-American War of 1848, Geronimo’s enemy extended to American soldiers. To avoid mass bloodshed, Geronimo’s father-in-law, who was the leader of the Chiricahua tribe, agreed to establish the first Apache reservation. A few years later, the US government reneged on the deal and forced Apaches to relocate. This reignited Geronimo’s anger and he resumed acting out his aggression on the military.

After evading capture for many years, Geronimo was captured in 1877 and sent to live on the San Carlos Apache Reservation. He managed to escape in 1881 and, with a small band of tribal followers, Geronimo spent the next five years fighting the United States. Today, Geronimo is considered to be the last great defender of Native American life.

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GERONIMO'S SIGNATURE - THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

For several years, Geronimo was hunted by up to 5,000 Army troops at a time, but he remained at large. It was not until 1886 that Geronimo wit his amily and a band of loyal folowers starving that he surrendered. He and his followers were prisoners of war for the remainder of their lives, held in Florida, then Alabama and finally in Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where Geronimo passed away in 1909.

During the final years of his life, Geronimo published an autobiography and had the privilege of meeting President Theodore Roosevelt in person. His military accomplishments and ability to elude capture made Geronimo a legend, one that is still talked about anytime the western expansion is discussed. Geronimo was indeed one of the important figures that helped shaped American history.

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RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX - HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR

There are many historically significant artifacts that Mr. Amyx has had the pleasure of including in his collection. For more than 35 years, Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has dedicated his life to the preservation of American History through physical reminders of events and persons who shaped the land we now call home. His collection of White House China is one of the most extensive in the world, being clealry in the top two. Mr. Amyx welcomes discussions with serious collectors concerning museum-quality historical artifacts.

Tags: geronimo

Accomplishments of President James Knox Polk (1795-1849)

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Oct 02, 2014 @ 06:41 PM

After securing the presidency with the closest election in US history, the 49-year-old James K. Polk set clear goals for his term including his promise to only serve one term (1845–1849). Those goals were to reestablish the independent treasury system, reduce tariffs, and significantly expand the borders of the United States. Unlike many presidents before and since, James K. Polk succeeded in his objectives.

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PRESIDENT JAMES K. POLK

Walker Tariff

After gaining Congressional approval for the nomination of Robert J. Walker as the Secretary of the Treasury, James K. Polk commissioned a nationwide study of tariff levels. The results of the study were used to support the passage of the Walker Tariff of 1846, which significantly reduced the former Tariff of 1842. The most significant change was that the tariff rates were independent of the value of the imported merchandise, and some duty-free categories.

Treasury System

After his success in improving the Tariff status, James K. Polk moved on to the issue of establishing an independent treasury that would require government funds to be received and held by treasury deposit offices, not banks. President Martin Van Buren had signed the Independent Treasury Act into law in 1840 but it had been repealed by Congress the following year. James K. Polk enhanced the former legislation by requiring that disbursements were backed by gold or silver. In 1846, James K. Polk established the treasury system and it remained in place until 1913.

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JAMES K. POLK'S PRESIDENTIAL CHINA - SOUP BOWL
THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION 

Border Expansion

Because slavery was a highly-debated issue, James K. Polk was careful to pursue acquisition of lands that both forbid and embraced the practice of slavery. Adding more than a million square miles, James K. Polk was responsible for adding Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, most of New Mexico, and parts of Colorado, Montana, Texas, and Wyoming to the United States.  After threatening war with Britain, Polk secured the land that now forms Idaho, Oregon, and Washington in addition to the Columbia River.

The Mexican War began with a dispute concerning Texas’ southern border. Congress supported James K. Polk with a declaration of war. An actual fact, President Polk's Mexican War policy was a highly controversial topic in America. After sixteen months, in September 1847, US forces captured Mexico City. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo established that the Texas border would be at the Rio Grande, and the US would acquire California and New Mexico for a sum of 15 million USD.  In all, more than 13,000 American soldiers died during the Mexican War. Strangely, only 2,000 were lost in battle; the remainder were lost to disease. Mexico lost nearly 50,000 soldiers.

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MAJOR BORDER EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES

Department of the Interior

After securing numerous lands, James K. Polk signed the bill creating the Department of the Interior on March 3, 1849, his last full day in office. This cabinet position was one of the first additions. Polk himself did not fully support the idea of the federal government having so much power over the states’ lands but he had run out of time to negotiate any alternatives; thus the President did sign this legislation into law.

Retirement

As promised, James K. Polk did not seek re-election and left the presidency after having accomplished the objectives he had set. Only three months after leaving office, 53-year-old James K. Polk died on June 15, 1849 at his home in Nashville, TN. Although Polk had had numerous health problems throughout his life, his death was attributed to Cholera that he likely contracted during a tour of the South after leaving the White House. Polk was survived by his wife Sarah Childress Polk, and his mother. The Polks had no children. Today, James and Sarah Polk are buried in a tomb on the grounds of the Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville.

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has been an avid historian and collector for much of his life. His extensive collection has long been admired throughout the world. The knowledge he has acquired has been called upon by the highest industry and government officials. Serious collectors who would like to discuss museum quality historically significant items are invited to contact Mr. Amyx for a confidential discussion.

Tags: james k. polk

Mamie Eisenhower: Fashionista, Socialite, & First Lady Pink

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Sep 04, 2014 @ 08:00 AM

Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower was only 19 when she met and married a young lieutenant, Dwight D. Eisenhower. Like many of her peers, her life was consumed with providing a loving home for her husband, entertaining guests and raising children as they moved from one post to another during his career in the U.S. Army.

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DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER & MAMIE DOUD EISENHOWER

The couple had two boys, Doud and John. Sadly, the youthful Doud passed away in 1921 when he was only four due to a case of Scarlet Fever. In 1922, John was born. He survived to adulthood in good health and joined the U.S. Army, later becoming the American ambassador to Belgium and returning as a Brigadier General in the United States Army.

Mamie Eisenhower is very well known for outgoing personality in the role of First Lady. Her father had been a wealthy meatpacking executive and had afforded her many opportunities for traveling and entertaining. Mamie Eisenhower enjoyed decorating the home and White House for holidays. The First Lady’s color choices and fashion sense were also of great interest to the public. The gown she wore to her husband's Inauguration is one of the most popular in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History's collection of inaugural gowns.

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MAMIE'S DOUD EISENHOWER'S FAMOUS INAUGURAL DRESS IN "FIRST LADY PINK"

With her favorite color of pink showing up frequently in her public wardrobe and in the décor of the private quarters of the White House, Mrs. Eisenhower helped to make it a popular color for textiles of the early 1950's, making "First Lady Pink" a favorite paint color in the pallet.

During his term in the White House, President Dwight D. Eisenhower suffered a heart attack. Mamie stayed with him around the clock while he recuperated. She ensured that he got enough rest, proper exercise and took charge of the administrative flow of his work. She also took care of the President’s mail, responding to citizens and world leaders alike. This was also the case when he had abdominal surgery, a stroke, and in his final days when he was hospitalized for a heart condition.

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MAMIE AND DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER CHOSE THIS DRAMATIC SERVICE PLATE IN 1955 - THIS PLATE IS NOW IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

One of the important roles held by First Lady Mamie Eisenhower demonstrated her natural leadership qualities as she promoted the voice of women in voting and in public office. When her old friend, Ellen Harris, ran for a Republican seat in Congress, she campaigned for her. Among her many accomplishments was the fundraising and establishment of Knollwood, a 16 acre secure retirement home for widows of Army personnel.

Mamie Eisenhower took the time to respond to every letter she received. She felt that everyone deserved a personal response and saw to it that this goal was met. At times, she used her influence to support military housing, enlistment deferments, transfers, pensions, and civil service employment with Administration officials. The First Lady frequently made statements of public support to military or defense-related crises and issues of her era such as support for the United Nations and finding a cure for Polio.

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PAT NIXON INTRODUCES THE SOON-TO-BE HIGHLY CONTROVERSIAL MARTHA MITCHELL, WIFE OF NIXON'S ATTORNEY GENERAL, TO MAMIE EISENHOWER

After retirement, the Eisenhowers enjoyed their beautiful home and farm in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. After President Eisenhower passed away in 1979, Mamie remained at the farm until she passed away after a stroke in 1969 at age 83.

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HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is proud to own many museum quality historically significant artifacts. Among these American treasures are major historical military effects that belonged to Dwight D. Eisenhower, an autographed photo of the First Lady with President Eisenhower, as well as the official White House China of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, one of numerous sets of White House china in the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection.

More than 400 of the historical artifacts acquired by Raleigh DeGeer Amyx will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAuction.com. If interested, visit the official auction page at the link below: 

Tags: dwight eisenhower white house china, dwight eisenhower, mamie eisenhower

Sharp-Shooter Annie Oakley - Star of the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Wed, Aug 13, 2014 @ 08:00 AM

It was 1883 when William “Buffalo Bill” Cody first took his Wild West show to the masses. These stage productions portrayed fictitious account of the exchanges between cowboys and Indians during the United State's western expansion. While the initial premise of the show was popular, it lacked any headliner talent until Buffalo Bill Cody was able to recruit Sitting Bull, the Sioux chief blamed for the uprising that overwhelmed George Armstrong Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn. This major superstar helped propel the Wild West Show far above competing acts.

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AN OFFICIAL PROGRAM FROM A TURN OF THE CENTURY WILD WEST SHOW FROM THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

After that, the show became incredibly popular and traveled throughout Europe. This had a dramatic effect on the world’s perception of the United States and the expansion of the American frontier. It was praised for its realistic storyline and was later accepted as family entertainment when a new superstar, Annie Oakley, known as Little Sure Shot, joined the cast. Oakley had exceptional aim and had already achieved fame for her fancy shooting tricks.

Annie Oakley, born Phoebe Ann Moses, had developed her sharp-shooting skills to survive. She was the sixth of seven children and her father, who was more than 30 years older than her mother, died when Oakley was only 6. Annie Oakley and her sister were sent to live in an infirmary and then Oakley was sent to live with a foster family who treated her harshly. When she was 12, Annie Oakley’s mother remarried and she was reunited with her family. Instead of attending school, Annie practiced hunting and trapping and sold the game to residents and businesses in southern Ohio to help support the family. Her efforts paid off the mortgage of the family farm before Annie Oakley was 15.

buffalo bill wild west show program 1"LAST OF THE GREAT SCOUTS" - A SIGNED PROGRAM FROM BUFFALO BILL'S WILD WEST SHOW - NOTE (TOP RIGHT) THE SCARCE INSCRIPTION "TRUE TO FRIEND OR FOE - BUFFALO BILL - W.F. CODY"

It was Thanksgiving Day in 1875 when 15 year old Phoebe Moses was baited into a challenge. A performing marksman, Frank Butler placed a bet with an Ohio hotel owner wagering that his shooting skills would outperform any of the local shooters. Much to his surprise, Butler lost the bet to the youthful Phoebe Moses. The two began courting and were married the following autumn. Moses adopted the stage name Annie Oakley during the years of their sharp-shooter performances together. They were both hired to work on the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show in 1885.

While performing in Europe, Oakley performed for Queen Victoria in the UK, President Marie François Sadi Carnot in France, King Umberto I in Italy, and Kaiser Wilhelm II in Germany. Her most famous trick was using a .22 caliber rifle to shoot a single playing card several times while it floated in the air at a distance of 90 feet.

annie oakleyANNIE OAKLEY - WORLD-FAMOUS RIFLE SHOT AND STAR OF THE WILD WEST SHOW

Oakley used her position as an influential celebrity to promote the idea of women serving in the US armed forces to President McKinley at the time of the Spanish-American War. However, the cavalry established by Theodore Roosevelt named “Rough Riders” was attributed to the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show. It is estimated that Oakley taught more than 15,000 women how to use a gun during her lifetime. She pushed for women to be comfortable using a gun for physical and mental exercise as well as for self-defense.

In 1901, Annie Oakley was involved in a train accident and was temporarily paralyzed. Although she improved greatly after five surgeries, the tragic accident put an end to her career with the Buffalo Bill Show. Instead Annie began performing a stage play that portrayed her outsmarting outlaws. Her popularity has never ceased. Annie Oakley was laid to rest in 1926 at age 66. Her husband Frank Butler died a few weeks later.

raleigh degeer amyxHISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR — RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has been acquiring museum-quality historical artifacts for more than 30 years. He is proud to own personal effects of many historical figures and American icons such as Annie Oakley. Now you have the rare opportunity to gain access to many of these important artifacts. Hundreds of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. If you have interest in a particular item in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the button below.

 

Tags: annie oakley, buffalo bill, buffalo bills wild west

President Lyndon Johnson and the Monumental Voting Rights Act of 1965

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Wed, Aug 06, 2014 @ 08:00 AM

On August 6, 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed The Voting Rights Act into law changing election laws throughout the United States. Before this moment, many African Americans who wished to vote in nine states, most in the South, had to first prove their eligibility through literacy tests and character evaluations. The law allowed for the appointment of Federal voting examiners who would supervise voter registration and polling practices to ensure that the law was enforced. Within 5 months, 250,000 African Americans registered to vote for the very first time.

lyndon johnson martin luther king photo 1LYNDON B. JOHNSON WITH MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.

Section 2 of the Act closely resembled the content of the 15th amendment which prohibited the denial or abridgment of the right to vote throughout the United States with the use of literacy tests. In addition, it called for new enforcement provisions in areas of the country that were seen to have the greatest potential for racial discrimination. Section 5, stated jurisdictions must have any election regulations preapproved by the federal government to ensure that they were not discriminatory in their intent or application.

Each time the Voting Rights Act was set to expire, the American leadership honored its vital role in the progress that had been achieved. In 1970 The Act was extended by President Richard Nixon, in 1975 it was extended by President Gerald Ford and revised to include a provision for bilingual voting instructions and materials. In 1982, President Ronald Reagan extended the Act for 25 years and then Congress extended it for 15 years in 1992. Finally, in 2006, it was reauthorized for an additional 25 years.

lyndon johnson on phone photo 1PRESIDENT JOHNSON PLAYED A CRUICIAL ROLE IN ENSURING MINORITY VOTING RIGHTS

In June 2013, a controversial case, Shelby v. Holder, was presented to the US Supreme Court. The 5-to-4 decision determined that the coverage formula the Voting Rights Act used to determine the states that were subject to preclearance was unconstitutional, thereby nullifying the section that required that named states must have federal approval to change election laws. The vote has been passionately contested by many. The majority cited that the conditions under which the Voting Rights Act had originally been established had changed significantly.

Among the evidence presented was the election of President Barak Obama as well as numerous African American mayors who were in office in the affected states. Critics say that this will open the door to the once common practice of gerrymandering of election districts that can have a devastating effect on the minority vote. Others uphold that any regulation should apply to all of the states, not only the named states that were at issue in 1965.

lyndon b johnson christmasTHE LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON FAMILY ENJOYING CHRISTMAS IN THE WHITE HOUSE

There are few topics that are as hotly debated as voter’s rights. While many statistics support the position that the racial discrimination that existed in the 1960’s is part of our past, civil rights watchdog groups and political organizations tell a different story. If the positive change that was created by the Voting Rights Act is to be sustained, the entire issue needs to be examined and addressed according to current conditions.

lyndon johnson white house china 1WHITE HOUSE CHINA PATTERN PICKED BY LADY BIRD JOHNSON - THE ABOVE JOHNSON SERVICE PLATE IS IN THE RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX COLLECTION

The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection is proud to own many historical artifacts that are part of our nation’s rich history. Within the collection are numerous sets of White House china, including pieces from the official White House China of President Lyndon B. Johnson. As the Voting Rights Act was being signed into law, Lady Bird Johnson made her own mark in history with a uniquely designed theme connecting the American Eagle and American wildflowers. The Johnson White House China was designed by Tiffanys and manufactured by Castleton.

raleigh degeer amyxHISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Many of the museum-quality historical artifacts (over 400), acquired by Raleigh DeGeer Amyx, will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17-18, 2014 by RRAuction.com. Interested parties can see the official auction page at the link below:

Tags: LYNDON B. JOHNSON, Lyndon Johnson White House China, white house memorabilia

A Man of Few Words - President Calvin Coolidge

Posted by RALEIGH DEGEER AMYX on Thu, Jul 17, 2014 @ 08:00 AM

Our 30th President, John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. was born on the 4th of July in 1872. Coolidge had a very successful career in law and politics, especially during his Presidency. Throughout his life he was criticized for his quiet manner. However, in retrospect, it could be said that his reserved demeanor actually fueled his success.

calvin coolidge photo 1

CALVIN COOLIDGE SHOWING OFF HIS NEW AUTOMOBILE

Calvin Coolidge experienced hardship early in his life. His mother died when he was only twelve. His father and grandmother made every effort to support him, but even Coolidge himself acknowledged that he never fully recovered from this loss. For his entire life he carried with him a locket containing his mother’s portrait. Then, five years after his mother passed away, Coolidge lost his fifteen-year-old younger sister Abigail. It is certain that these tragic circumstances impacted the young man’s perspective on life. Later, in 1924 he would suffer another loss when an infection, caused from a blister playing tennis at the White House, would sadly take the life of his teenage son, Calvin Coolidge, Jr.

Another powerful force in the character of Calvin Coolidge occurred during his college years. Upon his graduation with honors from Amherst College in 1891, Coolidge held great admiration for his professors. Years later he would mention the impact their teachings had on his own character. He had become grounded on his faith in the common man – that hard work and giving had great value. He believed in dedicating one’s self to public service for the benefit of the greater good, a sharp contrast to the common goal of self-promotion.

coolidge family

THE COMPLETE COOLIDGE FAMILY: JOHN, GRACE, CALVIN, AND CALVIN COOLIDGE JR.

In pursuit of his goal to practice law, Coolidge secured an apprenticeship with a prominent Massachusetts law firm as an alternative to bearing the cost of law school. In 1897, Coolidge was admitted to the bar and in 1898 he opened his own law office in Northampton, Mass. Once he began to achieve personal success, he still felt as if he was missing a companion to share it with. In 1905, Coolidge met Grace Goodhue, a teacher at a local school for the deaf. They married that same year in her parents’ home in Vermont. Together they had two sons, John and Calvin Jr.

Coolidge began his career of public service while practicing law. He was first elected as Northampton City Councilman in 1899, then General Court Representative, Mayor of Northampton, State Senator, Lieutenant Governor, and then Governor of Massachusetts. In 1921 he was elected Vice President of the United States where he served until the sudden death of President Harding in August of 1923. After completing Harding’s term, Coolidge was elected President in 1924. He declined the opportunity to run for reelection stating that if reelected, he would exceed 10 years as President, which he felt was too long. Coolidge retired to his home in Northampton. There the former President  wrote his memoirs and political commentary.  Sadly Calvin Coolidge died from a heart attack at age of only 60 in 1933.

calvin coolidge powder box 1

BEAUTIFUL CELLULOID POWDER BOX STRAIGHT FROM THE WHITE HOUSE GUEST ROOM - A GIFT FROM THE PRESIDENT TO LILLIAN ROGERS PARK - A FAVORED MAID

The enduring legacy of Calvin Coolidge was his steadfast character. During all of his campaigns, he did not criticize, or even speak the names his opponents. He remained focused on the issues at hand and talked about his views concerning government and business. Each election brought him broader support and greater margins of victory. He earned the trust and support of both business owners and the working class. His name has never been associated with any scandal or wrongdoing. Calvin Coolidge is best known for listening to the people and doing what they wanted.

raleigh degeer amyx

HISTORIAN AND COLLECTOR - RALEIGH DeGEER AMYX

Raleigh DeGeer Amyx has spent the past 30 years acquiring museum-quality historical artifacts. He is proud to own personal effects of many past presidents including Calvin Coolidge. You now have the rare opportunity to view many of these important pieces. Many (400) of the museum-quality historical artifacts acquired by the Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection will be sold in a live auction in Boston, Mass. on September 17th & 18th, 2014 by RRAUCTION.COM. If you have interest in a particular item in the collection, please feel free to inquire using the form below.

 

Tags: presidential memorabilia, Raleigh Degeer Amyx Collection, Calvin Coolidge

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